Acne: the causes of and effective treatments
What is acne, many people know, because this problem is quite common. In medicine inflammation of the sebaceous glands known as acne, acne, acne, acne.
Disease of the sebaceous glands occurs as a result of their obstruction, which is associated with increased production of sebum.
Sebaceous glands produce sebum, which is a mixture of fats, which performs the following functions:
- eliminates dryness of the skin;
- promotes its elasticity;
- protects the body from penetration of pathogenic microorganisms.
Under certain conditions, the process of sebum may be violated, which becomes a cause of acne. Acne is the most common disease that affects mostly teenagers, which is caused by the formation of their hormonal levels. But acne often appear even after 25 years as a result of metabolic disorders.
Causes of acne
In dermatology, it is customary to distinguish several types of acne depending on the reasons of their formation on the skin.
Acne can be divided into two large groups:
- Endogenous – caused by internal factors;
- Exogenous – arise under the influence of external factors.
Endogenous acne can form on the skin as a result of hormonal changes in the body of a teenager. This problem may occur due to inadequate reaction of the organism in the form of acne on the elevated levels of male hormones in the blood.
Male hormones may be present not only in the body of men, but also sometimes they in women, they often cause the development of inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands.
In adults among the endogenous causes of acne experts called seborrhea. Moreover, the skin rash can appear as a result of development of some infectious or chronic diseases that violates the metabolism.
In some cases, the location of acne may indicate a leak in the body of comorbidities. Acne in women around the mouth and chin is often a sign of pathology of the ovaries.
Causes of acne of exogenous origin are quite diverse. The rash may appear after contact with the surface of the skin of substances on it comedogenic effect – the property of causing clogging of the sebaceous glands.
To these substances dermatologists include various oils and lubricants, and tools, includes tar. Immoderate use of cosmetics containing fats, often leads to the blockage of the sebaceous glands that soon manifested by the appearance of acne.
In addition, acne may appear for the following reasons:
- a side effect of certain medications;
- squeezing pimples – the cause of the appearance of new spots;
- the heat and humid climate;
- contact with toxic substances;
- an improper diet.
It is necessary to highlight a separate group of people suffering from acne caused by hereditary predisposition. This type of disease very difficult to treat, this will require a comprehensive and systematic approach aimed at changing hormonal levels.
As the disease manifests itself?
The eruptive elements of acne can be in the form of closed or open comedones, papular and pustular acne, nodular and cystic formations. Impress such lesions not only the skin, but the skin of other body parts. Closed comedones is nodular of education white non-inflammatory nature, which have no outlet to the surface of the skin.
Eventually, when the oil glands overflowing with secret, he comes to the surface, usually the tip goes dark from the dust. In most cases, comedones localized on the forehead and chin.
Papular acne represent sore formation on the surface of the skin, which upon palpation cause a lot of pain. Their color can vary from red to blue, when you press your fingers education pales, then again engorged with blood. From the pustules papules characterized by the presence of purulent content, it comes to the surface in the form of white dots.
Sometimes pustules can penetrate deep into the dermis, then this skin lesion is called knotted-cystic acne. To get rid of the disease is possible only by serious systemic treatment. The most severe form of acne are the "lightning acne".
The disease is manifested not only pravymi the rash, but also a deep lesion of the internal organs, muscle and bone pain, change in blood leukocyte. Such as the human body requires immediate medical intervention.
The treatment of the disease
Treatment of acne in adolescents and adults is carried out depending on the severity of the disease. There are three stages of acne, which are defined lesion of the skin and rashes:
- Easy stage. On the face of detected open and closed lesions without inflammatory process. On the skin, usually not more than 10 such entities, represented by single papules;
- The average stage. The eruptive elements are closed and open comedones, the number of which has up to 20 entities with signs of inflammation. Treatment usually lasts for about two months;
- Severe stage. The disease is marked by those signs that in the middle stages of development of acne, but in much greater quantity, on the face there are up to 40 papules. For recovery requires the appointment of specialized therapy;
- Very severe stage. Characteristic is the presence of a large number of inflammatory elements, papules, pustules, nodular, and cystic formations.
The treatment of the disease is reduced to such actions as prevention of acne, removal of existing comedones, reducing secretion of sebaceous glands, the elimination of the inflammatory process and prevent it from spreading to other areas of the skin.
After the treatment of severe acne often patients are resorting to a reduction of cosmetic defects of scarring like dermabrasion, cryotherapy, and laser therapy.
Therapy should consist of external and internal treatment of acne. Mandatory part of treatment is diet for acne, is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process and reducing the production of sebum.
Mild development of acne treatment is carried out by applying medicines outdoor applications.
Dermatologists can prescribe a gel, lotion, serum or acne cream. Such funds are usually made based on benzoilperoksida, tretinoin, azelaic acid. If the disease has already acquired the average severity of development, to cure it by treatment of affected skin will not need treatment of the body from the inside.
In this case, prescribed antibiotics, but these drugs have one major drawback – the occurrence of habituation, resulting in the tool soon loses its effectiveness and must be replaced with a new medicine.
The most effective in the fight against prelimi acne is erythromycin. To enhance anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of erythromycin it is often combined with zinc. Such a combination is a remedy for acne Zinerit.
Clindamycin is assigned when the acne was a consequence of the penetration into the skin cells of propionibacteria and staphylococci. Antibiotics of the tetracycline group such as minocycline or doxycycline, are used in the treatment of acne from the inside. If the study found hormonal disorders, can be prescribed sex hormones.
To clear the skin from acne, are some procedures such as:
- plucking facial massage;
- laser therapy.
In modern medical clinics with the purpose of elimination of the inflammatory process, kill bacteria, reduce sebum production is acne treatment laser.
With the right approach acne quite easily treatable, making soon the skin becomes healthy. Clean you skin and good health!