Belongs to the family Araceae. Anthurium has many types. One of the most common is Andre Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex Andre)
This is one of the few species that with proper care blooms all year round. His birthplace in South - Western Colombia, northwestern Ecuador. Home Anthurium is a plant with a short stem, aerial roots. Large thick leaves, oblong hearts, dark green, on long cuttings. Flowers with cylindrical spadix white or yellowish.
Blanket flower is very dense, glossy, brightly colored, leathery structure. Heart-shaped.
The colour varies, from pale pink, to bright red. The flowers of Anthurium give the illusion that they are made of plastic. That gives it a mythical beauty. This exotic plant will complement its unusual appearance to any interior. But you should be careful, Anthurium, like all aroids, are poisonous. So if you have animals or small children, the flower should stand high in their reach.
Care for Anthurium
Anthuriums do not like the bright midday light. Moreover, direct sunlight can be
devastating. But it feels great in flat-light and tolerates partial shade. The optimal North - Western window. Anthurium is a flower that does not tolerate sudden fluctuations of temperatures and drafts.
He needs a constant temperature mode. The optimal temperature during summer is 25-28°C and in winter not below 18°C.
If you want to Anthurium bloom early, from January should gradually raise the temperature to 20-25°C. the Anthurium requires generous watering. But there is a big "but"!
It is very important that the ground dry out between waterings at 1/2 of the pot. Otherwise the roots may simply rot. After irrigation water from the tray should be immediately pour. To flowering was abundant from September reduces the time between watering.
This plant prefers very moist air (70-90%). This is the most common problem in home breeding of Anthurium. In residential areas it is very difficult to achieve such a percentage of humidity. Therefore, the stems of the plants, namely where there are aerial roots, it is recommended to impose with moss, and from time to time to spray it.
During flowering, spray Anthurium very carefully, so that water falling on the flowers. Otherwise, the blanket flower are formed dark spots. Water for irrigation should be soft and not cold. Substrate for Anthurium should be loose, deep fibrous and a little sour. Good mixture of peat, chopped moss and loam (2:2:1), or deciduous earth, peat and sand with the addition of charcoal.
Like other plants, Anthurium is transplanted into the growth period, from February to August. When transplanting you need to be very careful with the roots, they are very fragile, easy to damage.
Young plants are transplanted each year, more adults every 3-4 years.When, Anthurium is placed deeper in the ground than it was previously planted. On the bottom of the pot to approximately 1/3 be sure to put drainage. Most often clay.
And don't water the plant for a few days.
Feeding is carried out in the spring and summer, 1 time in 2-3 weeks. But the most effective foliar feeding. They are applied to the sheets 1 time a week.
Most successfully Anthurium reproduces vegetatively. That is, stem suckers and cuttings with aerial roots.
Cuttings can be easily separated from the main stalk, they often already have good roots.These suckers should be planted in a pot of appropriate size.
If the plant has 5-6 leaves, pot size 9-10 cm in diameter.
Diseases and pests
Anthurium suffers from scale insects, mealybug, spider mites, aphids. Especially dangerous scale insects, they multiply rapidly, and cure the plant is very difficult.
Major diseases are root rot and Anthracnose. Anthracnose begins with yellowing leaf edges, and leads to a gradual withering away of the plant.
Requires preventive treatment with fungicides.