Benign skin lesions

Skin neoplasms are a pathological increase in the number and size of cells, as a result of which the dermis grows. The altered cells form a tumor of limited form over time.

Benign skin lesions

If the human body is healthy, then the number of new cells appears in proportion to the number of dead cells. When unfavorable factors come into play, cell proliferation becomes uncontrolled, cell division occurs before they become mature.

As a result, they cannot perform the functions that were intended for them. When malignant neoplasms are found in the body, it is sometimes difficult to determine from which tissues they originated.

Content of the article

Risk factors

It is unfortunately quite easy to start the process of chaotic cell division. There are many influencing factors that can act as a trigger. First, a swelling on the skin can occur if a traumatic event has occurred.

A neoplasm in the mammary gland often appears for the same reason. As a result of injury, cells have to recover quickly. In the process of active regeneration, control over their division disappears.

Secondly, neoplasms in the liver, in the lungs, on the skin can appear under the influence of X-rays.

Light type of hair and face with many moles in combination with significant sun exposure, hereditary predisposition and other risk factors guarantee the appearance of problem formations, which over time can degenerate into a cancerous tumor. Transformation can be both slow and gradual, and very rapid.

Although benign neoplasms do not directly pose a threat to the patient's life, being sometimes significant in size, they can affect the normal functioning of vital organs.

If they compress the nerve endings, the patient will feel pain. If the blood vessels are affected, then the blood circulation in the body in the place of compression is disrupted.

Among the main risk factors, one can also name the systematic effect on the body of viral and bacterial infections, aggressive substances, chronic skin diseases (for example, eczema).

Malignant neoplasms of the skin may occur as a result of metastases of cancer cells of the lungs, breast or other organs.

Is there cancer prevention?

In fact, there is no specific prevention of cancer.

Benign skin lesions

Such measures can be taken refer to the removal of neoplasms immediately after they have appeared on the body. It is definitely necessary to remove moles and warts if there are a lot of them.

Women and men with a genetic predisposition to cancer should avoid the use of carcinogenic substances in any form , be careful when choosing a place of work, exclude from the menu products that could potentially trigger the oncological process.

By acting in this way, you can significantly reduce the risk of oncological diseases.

Removal of neoplasms

Treatment of problematic neoplasms, as a rule, consists in the destruction of the affected tissue in the area where the disease has occurred, with partial excision of healthy cells.

Removal of neoplasms with a laser is highly effective the method of treating warts, wen, moles and other formations, gives the lowest percentage of relapses, since in parallel with the removal, the surface of the wound is cauterized. Thus, further dissemination of tumor cells is not allowed.

In addition, medicine uses methods of cryodestruction (treatment with liquid nitrogen), electrocoagulation, and radio wave removal.

When it comes to treatment inoperable cancer, chemotherapy and radiation are practiced. Malignant neoplasms are always a serious problem, since the prognosis, if they occur, is usually unfavorable.

Metastasizing, a tumor can cause deep damage to internal organs even if outward manifestations on the body seem insignificant. As a result, there is a significant likelihood of death.

Patients die from the consequences of uncontrolled cell division, such as:

  • massive internal bleeding;
  • autointoxication;
  • cachexia;
  • multiple organ failure.

In case of benign disease or precancer timely surgical intervention in the overwhelming majority of cases can completely eliminate the possibility of relapse.

In addition, in modern clinics equipped with high-tech equipment, specialists also correct cosmetic defects in appearance, without leaving scars and scars on the body after adipose tissue, warts and other skin problems.

Need to consult a doctor

Benign skin lesions

Before how to use one of the methods of tumor removal, whether it is exposure to liquid nitrogen, surgical excision or laser m Method, you need to consult a specialist.

Any spots (primarily pigmented), tumor-like lesions or tumors should be shown to a dermatocosmetologist.

To remove neoplasms, for example, on the skin, to a doctor inIt is important to collect as much information about the pathology as possible.

During the examination, a thorough analysis of the lesions is carried out (preferably with photographing the problem area, and, if possible, taking a sample of dysfunctional tissue).

If a dermatocosmetologist unambiguously classifies the formation as benign (for example, fibroma, viral warts, molluscum contagiosum, filamentous papillomas, milium, etc.), the operation can be performed immediately after consultation.

Otherwise, the patient must undergo consultation with an oncologist, get a cytological and histological conclusion. Only after the general picture becomes clear can effective treatment be prescribed.

As a rule, removal of neoplasms occurs simultaneously. The procedure lasts from 10 minutes to an hour, depending on their number, size, location. In most cases, prior to manipulation, local anesthesia is performed by injection or a special anesthetic cream.

Depending on the chosen method of treatment and the complexity of the operation, instructions will be prescribed in the postoperative period.

As a rule, you need to adhere to a gentle regimen:

  • do not wet the wound until it becomes covered with a dense crust;
  • do not sunbathe or visit solarium for several weeks;
  • do not go to the bathhouse, sauna or pool for the first time;
  • make sure that the wound is not injured by clothing or in any other way.

Advantages of modern medicine methods

Benign skin lesions

On the Internet, it is easy to find many folk recipes, using which it is supposedly easy to deduce any formations on the skin. You should be very careful about the methods of traditional medicine, since many of them have contraindications, give side effects in the form of a negative effect on the work of internal organs, or leave scars and scars in memory. Having carried out ineffective treatment at home, you can get a more serious problem than the one that the person faced initially.

Tumors on the skin are dangerous because they can become inflamed and begin to actively grow, in the worst case, degenerate into malignant neoplasms with all the ensuing negative consequences.

Therefore, if you notice a suspicious formation on your body, you should not panic. You should not be lazy and go for a consultation with a specialist who will conduct a full examination and give recommendations for treatment, if necessary.

The faster you seek qualified help, the easier the healing will be ... This advice applies to both large and seemingly insignificant formations: warts, fibroids and wen.