Esophagitis: causes, symptoms and treatment of inflammation of the esophagus
The mucosa of the esophagus does not have protective properties against corrosive substances into the digestive system along with food. When poor diet and exposure to other adverse factors can cause inflammation of the esophagus – esophagitis. This disease is caused by reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus, resulting in gastric juice with high acidity damages the mucosa.
Esophagitis is characterized by its symptoms and methods of treatment.
Varieties of the disease
Reflux esophagitis in their course may have the following form:
Each disease has its own symptoms and characteristics of the course. The classification is carried out and the nature of the inflammatory process of the mucous membrane. On this basis, the esophagitis can be catarrhal, edematous, erosive, hemorrhagic, necrotic.
In gastroenterology, the most frequent cases of lesion of the mucous membrane of the esophagus the catarrhal and edematous esophagitis. Such inflammatory processes are limited by hyperemia and edema of the mucosa. In acute inflammation of the esophagus and stomach can develop ulcers on the mucous membranes of the digestive system, and gastroenterologists diagnose erosive esophagitis.
Depending on the degree of localization of the inflammatory process of esophagitis may be focal when it affects a small area of the esophagus, and diffuse inflammation extends to the whole body.
Why is there inflammation
The reasons for the development of the inflammatory process of the digestive system are very diverse. Each variety of the disease may have its factors causing this pathology.
In gastroenterology the main causes of inflammation of the lining of the esophagus include the following factors:
- inhalation of caustic vapours of hazardous substances;
- eating too hot and spicy foods;
- violation of the evacuation function of the esophagus;
- food allergies;
The acute form of the inflammatory process occurs as a result of falling in the digestive system factors short-term irritant.
As these stimuli may be:
- acute infectious processes in the body – flu, diphtheria, fungal infection;
- physical damage to mucous membranes – burns foods, injuries during probing or contact with foreign objects;
- chemical burn;
- allergic reactions to food.
Esophagitis may develop as a result of an allergic reaction of the mucous membrane of the esophagus, but in this case, usually there are other signs of allergies – skin rash, swelling.
The most serious is damage to the esophagus after burns – thermal or chemical.
Signs of inflammation
The development of esophagitis can be recognized by specific signs of inflammation of the esophagus. However you should know that various forms of esophagitis has its manifestations. Catarrhal form of the disease it can take place without pronounced symptoms, and to determine the presence of an inflammatory process is possible only by study of the esophagus. Occasionally in this form of the disease may experience increased sensitivity to hot or cold food.
In severe forms of this lesion the digestive system symptoms have become more pronounced. They expressed severe pain, pain may be experienced differently – to be sharp, strong, burning in the sternum.
Patients sometimes complain of dysphagia – swallowing disorder that caused severe pain and esophagitis can specify criteria, such as heartburn and excessive salivation.
Another characteristic symptom of Gerd is vomiting, often with blood. However, inflammation can occur without such symptoms.
How is the treatment
The initial step in elimination of the inflammatory process is the elucidation of the causes of its development. Treatment should consist of diet to exclude ingress into the esophagus irritating food.
You must avoid eating foods such as:
- hot, spicy, coarse food;
- fatty foods.
After a complete examination of the gastrointestinal tract, the diagnosis and type of esophagitis, gastroenterologist will tell you what inflammation of the esophagus to heal, depending on the manifested symptoms.
If you installed the sharp burn of chemicals required urgent gastric lavage. The disease needs to be treated and medicines, are usually prescribed antacids and preparations of famotidine.
In severe forms of inflammation it is necessary to refuse from enteral food intake, patients are assigned to a gel enveloping and antacid drugs. In the case when the inflammation was caused by infection, prescribe antibiotics.
When pronounced pain symptoms, it is important to treat the symptoms of inflammation of the esophagus. To eliminate pain syndrome gastroenterologists prescribe painkillers.
It is important as early treatment of esophagitis, since they can cause complications, such as:
- perforation of the esophageal wall;
- disease Barrett.
As prevention it is important to avoid taking hot, spicy foods, the ingestion of chemicals. To prevent the development of chronic esophagitis should undergo regular examination by a gastroenterologist.