Hepatitis C: how many people live with this diagnosis?
Hepatitis C is a very common disease of an infectious nature. People call it silent killer, therefore, immediately raises the question of how subtle it is and how many people live with a diagnosis of hepatitis C?
After the defeat of the virus, the body begins to fight against it. Acute process in some cases can be stopped. This is possible if the person has a strong enough immune system.
In this case, you don't even have to use a medicine, the body heals alone and even blood virus is not detected.
If this occurs, the infected may not even be aware that they had hepatitis C. But under the influence of external and internal unfavorable factors it can activate and again to make itself felt. Almost 85% of infected acute disease becomes chronic hepatitis C and to say how much such patients live, is quite difficult.
The number of infections, mortality statistics
Statistics of the who (world health organization) shows that carriers of the virus worldwide is about 500 million people. Experts in this field predict that after 10 years the number of people with cirrhosis will increase by 55 %, liver cancer by 70%, increased mortality from pathologies of the liver will increase in 2 times.
Statistics say that only 7% of the infected die due to the: manifestations of infection. Mortality with the progression of the disease: 57% of cirrhosis of the liver; 43% of hepatocellular carcinoma.
How important is the treatment of hepatitis C and how long people live after such
Immediately is to say that the virus itself is not a killer 100%. Its peculiarity is that it contributes to the development of various pathological processes, which shorten the life of the person affected by the infection. None is able to tell about a particular period during which occurs in the body of the destruction, leading to death.
There are many factors influencing the course of the disease:
- The age of the infected;
- The duration of the disease;
- The immune system of the body;
- The presence of harmful habits;
- Adequate and timely treatment;
- Related chronic conditions, e.g. obesity, diabetes;
- Sex. It is noted that men have more and faster developing complications such as fibrosis.
Approximately 30% of infected people in the progression of the disease takes up to 50 years, so the resulting symptoms of hepatitis C, it is possible to tell, doesn't affect how I live the carriers of the virus. There are chances of a long life. The death may occur because of, absolutely not related to the disease.
According to the same statistics it is known that 30% of patients can live at least another 20 years before the first signs of cirrhosis. And if you give up bad habits (alcohol, Smoking), strictly adhere to the diet, to use a maintenance treatment, follow the recommendations of specialists in the field of medicine, this process can be even more effective to slow down.
The pathogenesis of the disease
As toxic hepatitis and other forms are characterized by the fact that at hit of a virus in the human body with a weakened immune protection, have symptoms of SARS, but also appear completely atypical signs of the disease:
- Allergic reactions;
- General intoxication;
- The increase in body temperature to subfebrile;
- Gastrointestinal disorders, poisoning;
- Fatigue, chronic fatigue.
It should be noted that many cases of infection remain for a long time undiagnosed, which results in failure chronic character pathology. This form can also does not manifest itself for many years, i.e. to be asymptomatic in nature.
Basically the man lives 15-25 years unaware. At this time, the liver is gradually destroyed, its functions are impaired, occur pathology of the urinary system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract.
Complications caused by hepatitis C
The liver is subject to steatosis (accumulation of fat), fibrosis (formation of scar tissue), cirrhosis (irreversible tissue changes). The most dangerous is cirrhosis. This disease though and affects one organ but gives complications to the other.
As a result, the carriers of the virus occurs:
- Liver failure;
- Encephalopathy – damage by toxins in the brain because the liver is unable to neutralize them;
- Bleeding with bruises, injuries due to blood thinning. They can be quite strong even for minor injuries;
- Ascites – abdominal fluid accumulates;
- Primary cancer of the liver.
Progressive cirrhosis makes itself know signs of jaundice. The person observed pain in the right hypochondrium, dark urine, feces discolored, the skin and whites of the eyes become yellowish.
How many lives and how to lead the hepatitis C virus?
The infection is transmitted through blood. In the environment there is from 16 hours to 4 days depending on conditions. Once in the body, it becomes changeable and elusive. The incubation period is averages 50 days, although can range from 20 to 150. As the virus constantly modificeres, immunity is not to deal with it.
How to live with a person with hepatitis C?
If you put such a diagnosis, you need to understand and accept that we need to completely change your lifestyle. Seriously taking care of your health, you can live to a ripe old age.
Modern standards require as an antiviral therapy the use of two drugs: interferon-alpha and ribavirin. In some cases, if the physician deems it necessary, assigned to monotherapy. Be sure to specify the duration of the course and the received dose. The options also greatly vary in each case.
As the virus is constantly changing, and the treatment adjusted periodically. In many respects, the adequacy of medical therapy depends on the condition of the person and the duration of his life. It is mandatory the appointment of hepatoprotectors, which support liver function.
Contraindications to the use of antiviral drugs
There are several categories of people who are unable to use these funds from hepatitis. Contraindications are General heavy diseases (heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, severe ischemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases). You can not use them people with transplanted organs (heart, kidneys, lungs), pregnant women, children up to 3 years, with individual intolerance.
Not cure hyperthyroidism and exacerbation of autoimmune processes with the introduction of interferon are also contraindications.
Food for hepatitis C
The presence of this virus requires compliance with a certain diet. A change in diet is an integral part of treatment.
Bread and pastries. Allowed products from the flour 1 and 2 varieties of rye, nesdobnoe cakes with fish, meat, cheese and Apple filling. Biscuit dry biscuit and protracted. Soups – cereals, vegetables, dairy pasta, fruit, vegetarian soup and borscht, beetroot soup. Making the dressing, vegetables and flour, not fried, and dried.
Poultry and meat. Low-fat, without tendons, fascia and skin. It can be beef, young lamb, pork, rabbit, Turkey and chicken. Meat boiled or boiled and then baked, cut into pieces or prepared whole. Allowed cabbage rolls, pilaf, and quality sausages.
The fish should be lean form. It is cooked or boiled and baked. Prepared whole, with a chance of meatballs, quenelle, souffle. Milk and dairy – milk, yogurt, acidophilus milk, sour cream (as a flavoring), cheese (raw, in casseroles, lazy dumplings, pudding, etc.), mild cheese, Belin.
Eggs: baked egg-white omelettes, the yolk of 1 day in any dish, traditional omelette, boiled. Allowed whole grains, vegetables, fruits, berries. From sweets, jelly, candy, jam, honey. From the diet completely excluded fatty foods, hot spices and condiments. We can say that how long people live after infection largely depends on him.
Changing your habits, under the guidance of experts, it is possible to live a full life. Diet, moderate physical activity, intake of medications, maintaining a healthy lifestyle – all this allows to significantly increase the chances of longevity.