How are indoor plants transplanted?
Under natural conditions, the root system of a plant is not limited in space, which cannot be said about growing at home. Being in a pot, the plant is forced to live and develop in the soil of a small volume, which means that the first thing that it needs to provide is its nutritional value. That is why houseplants are transplanted from time to time so that they can continue to delight the owners with their lush flowering and beautiful green appearance.
Under what conditions should indoor plants be transplanted:
- < li> if the soil is completely entwined and permeated with roots;
Do not rush to move the newly acquired specimen to the new soil: he needs to give time to recover, get used to the new conditions. If you are afraid that your new friend will not tolerate the transplant well, you can perform a transshipment, that is, transfer it to a new container along with a lump of substrate on the roots.
It is completely recommended to free the flower from the old substrate only with complete loss of soil their nutritional properties, as well as in severe plant diseases. The rules for transplanting indoor plants say: the ideal time of the year for this procedure is spring. At this time, they wake up from hibernation and begin to grow actively.
It is not forbidden to change the soil and the place where flowers stay in the summer, but in the fall, the transplantation of indoor plants is not recommended. The same applies to the period of their flowering. If we talk about the soil, then first of all it must be nutritious. One of the conditions for the further growth and development of a flower is the ability to choose the necessary earthen mixture.
Because some plants love a slightly acidic environment, while others are not allowed to. For example, Heliotrope and Calceolaria grow well in soil rich in lime, but Azalea, Heather and Camellia do not feel well in it. For young specimens, it is better to choose a lighter soil than for old ones. After sterilizing the soil and drainage, proceed with transplanting.
Features of transplantation according to the lunar calendar
There is a calendar for transplanting indoor plants, which prescribes the transportation of plants from one pot to another in certain dneither. Taking into account the phases of the moon, the most suitable days for planting are identified in accordance with the type of flower, the characteristics of its root system, growth, etc.
Thanks to the lunar calendar of transplanting houseplants, flower growers and gardeners all over the world have the opportunity to know when is best rooting cuttings, replanting bulbous, tuberous, curly flowers, etc.
For example, sowing flower seeds in April is better on the 1st, 24th, 28th and 29th, and rooting cuttings on the 24th. The most favorable days for transplanting indoor plants in June are the 5th, 22nd, 23rd and 27th. Information about unfavorable days for transplanting is also contained in this calendar.
How to choose a pot
The capacity for a flower is selected in accordance with the characteristics of its root system. In any case, the size of the old pot should not be much smaller than the size of the new one. Ideally, a new container should have a diameter 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
If the roots grow mainly in the horizontal plane, you need to choose a low flat container ... Violets and cacti are planted in containers of small diameter. Orchids need a transparent container, since the roots of this plant also need light.
Palms should be planted in a tall and narrow container, as their roots tend to go deep into the substrate. If you use old pots when transplanting, they need to be properly cleaned, removed salt and rust deposits and scalded with boiling water.
Expanded clay is recommended for transplanting almost all, without exception indoor flowers , but remember that you cannot transfer it from an old pot to a new one - you should definitely buy a fresh one.< h3 id = "header-4"> How to replant
Spread expanded clay on the bottom of the pot and sprinkle some earth. After placing the stem inside, start adding fresh soil from the sides, making sure that the base of the stem is 1–2 cm below the rim of the pot. The substrate must be lightly tamped and tapped on the walls of the container so that no voids remain.
When transplanting bulbous indoor plants, you must wait for flowering, cut off the arrow after drying, and then place the bulb in the ground halfway, that is, its top should stick out above the ground. If the flower is too deep, the bulb can rot, and the leaves die off and the plant will die.
It is important to separate all daughter bulbs, as well as to water regularly and feeding until October. With proper care in February or March, the flower should release a new arrow.
A houseplant such as a money tree should not be transplanted too often. Only once every few years, when the Fatty Woman's container becomes too small, it is transferred to a new pot with fresh soil.
It is better to purchase the earth that is suitable foracts. All other actions are no different from those described above, except that it is recommended to put coins on the bottom along with expanded clay to attract wealth to the house. The fat woman tolerates the transplant very well and after a while you can observe the growth of new leaves.
Beautiful and lush flowers for you!