How dangerous is Klebsiella the baby, how to recognize it and help the child to get rid of the infection?
Noticing that the baby was restless, tearful, poor sleep, parents start to worry. If this condition is accompanied by diarrhea, pain in stomach, excessive flatulence, possibly due to Klebsiella infection related to the enterobacteria.
It enters the body, often marked gastro-intestinal disorders because it primarily affects the colon. Sometimes micro-organism causing the pneumonia. A grown man seldom becomes a victim of Klebsiella provided that his health is all right. The infection can survive for long periods in the body and in the absence of precipitating factors does not manifest itself.
What is Klebsiella?
This microorganism is pathogenic. This means that Klebsiella identifies pathogenic quality, therefore, requires treatment only in certain circumstances.
Infection it is a fixed stick, does not form spores and is clothed in a capsule that protects it for a long time when she gets in, which is unfavorable. Include milk, water, soil, etc. the Microorganism adapts easily to heat, average temperatures, but in terms of the boiling dies.
According to the modern classification of known 7 types of infection.
The Klebsiella in infants the most dangerous for him if she is one of these two types:
- Klebsiella of oxytoca;
- Klebsiella pneumonia (or wand of Fridland).
If the child is healthy, the organism can survive for long periods in the intestine of the baby, without disturbing him. At the same time to fight him is entirely optional.
Usually the provocateur of various diseases in toddlers is Klebsiella pneumonia, which penetrate the urinary ducts, brain tissue, blood, joints, and upon activation it becomes very dangerous for the baby. This condition is called Klebsiella, and in some cases developed klebsiellosis sepsis. In most cases, the infection causes intestinal disorders, rarely pneumonia.
Often found hospital-acquired form of the disease, which develops when the treatment in the hospital or after it.
Ways of infection, causes of disease
When conducting analyses in the stool of the child can be detected by the microorganism, but it is absolutely safe for him, if the infection is not active, its number is within the normal range and the baby healthy.
As the infection can get into the body infants?
- When drinking water;
- With milk. Including with the mother's milk during breast-feeding (usually this happens if not thoroughly washed nipples of a woman);
- As a result of poor or inadequate hygiene;
- Airborne droplets (sneezing or coughing);
- Quite often Klebsiella enters the body child with Nematillo washed vegetables, fruits, because it is able for some time to live in the soil.
The usual reason is that the microorganisms become active and multiply rapidly, lies in the weakness of the defenses of the baby.
Most often the infection is Klebsiella aktiviziruyutsya due to the insufficient number of beneficial bacteria in the gut, in the respiratory organs, the skin crumbs or lack of it of immunity.
A background that is favorable for various kinds of pathologies can also be:
- The lack of vitamins, nutrition;
- Bowel disease;
- Treatment is through antibiotics that contribute to suppression of beneficial bacteria in the body.
Frequent use of antibiotics can be observed not only the suppression of beneficial microorganisms in the gut, but also the adaptation of infection, including Klebsiella.
Signs of the disease
The insidiousness of the disease is that its symptoms are similar to the symptoms of dysbiosis, which is why diagnosing it is sometimes very difficult.
Infection affects the digestive tract, the mucosa, in which the Klebsiella produces toxins.
Signs of illness:
- Colic, abdominal pain, bloating;
- Among the symptoms indicating the activation of Klebsiella, elevated temperature, fever;
- Baby spits up milk;
- Observed liquid stool, which has an unpleasant sour smell, usually there is mucus, more rarely – blood.
In many ways, the severity of symptoms depends on how strong the immune system of the baby.
In some cases, frequent diarrhea and weakening of the organism as a whole leads to dehydration and intoxication. This is an indication to ensure that the infant was hospitalized, because he requires emergency medical care.
What could be the consequences of the disease?
If the baby's immunity able to cope with an active infection, it can cause only infectious disease, curable in a relatively short time. Any complications this condition is usually not threatened.
When the disease is not treated for a long time, runs hard, and the child's body is unable to cope with it, the consequences can be much more severe:
- Diseases of the genitourinary system.
In addition, the infection can become a provocateur of varying severity diseases of the respiratory tract, sepsis, intestinal diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment
To refute or confirm the disease allows analysis of vomit, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, blood. If Klebsiella is detected in the feces of infants and compares its content with the norm, which is 105/1,
In determining the diagnosis plays a big role in increasing the number of antibodies to a specific strain of the infection in the blood.
Signs of severe and rapid course of the disease:
- Infectious-toxic shock.
In these cases, the danger is the health and even the lives of kids in the hospitalization. If the affected organ is extremely the intestine, systemic antibiotics are not used.
In this case, the treatment regimen includes:
- The use of intestinal antiseptics;
- Drugs that restore the microflora;
- Medicines, which help to prevent dehydration;
- The use of drugs, allowing the body to correctly digest food.
Experts have developed an algorithm for the treatment of Klebsiella, involving the use of such antibiotics as penicillins, aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, nifuroxazide.
Treatment for infants antibiotics used in extreme cases, the most commonly used drugs that have an impact exclusively on the infection:
- Bacteriophage Klebsiella polyvalent purified liquid;
- Eubacteria liquid complex.
These drugs have virtually no contraindications, while possessing high performance.
At the first signs of the disease in a child contact your doctor. During the examination the child will be diagnosed and then assigned to the most appropriate treatment.