How is atherosclerosis treated?
Atherosclerosis is a chronic progressive disease that appears when protein and lipid metabolism is disturbed in the body. The pathology of metabolic processes is accompanied by the deposition of lipoprotein and cholesterol fractions in the intima of the vessels.
Atheromatous plaques are formed from the deposits. Connective tissue grows in them, the wall calcifies, the vessel gradually narrows down to complete blockage - obstruction. Modern medicine is trying to cope with the problem of how to treat vascular atherosclerosis, since in developed countries this disease is the most common cause of disability in people of working age.
Causes of the disease
Lipid disorders exchange and change in the quality of the vascular wall is influenced by a hereditary factor. Cholesterol in the human body is a building material for cell walls, is part of hormones and vitamins. Most of this substance - up to 70% - is synthesized by the liver, the rest comes from food.
Cholesterol is transported through the bloodstream as part of complex compounds of protein and fats - lipoproteins ... If these complex compounds have a low density, then more cholesterol is transported through the vessels than necessary, and its excess settles on the walls of the blood vessels. If changes in the walls of blood vessels begin at a young age, then the appearance of formed plaques is already diagnosed in 40-year-olds. Previously, the disease appeared in people over 60 years of age, but now in 70% of patients over 40, plaques have already formed.
Atherosclerotic plaque consists of cholesterol, fibrin and other substances that adhere to its surface. Gradually increasing, it blocks the blood flow, forming a blood clot. If it comes off, it can move to any point in the body, for example, clog the vessels of the brain, causing a stroke, or the vessels of the lower extremities, causing necrosis. The possibility of atherosclerosis is determined by modifiable and non-modifiable factors.
It is possible to reduce the risk of the disease:
- by increasing vitality;
- giving up fatty foods;
- reducing stress factors - sometimes this requires changing jobs;
- giving up bad habits - alcohol and smoking.
It is necessary to monitor blood pressure values, normalize blood sugar levels, adhere to a diet and prevent overeating. Obesity increases the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis.
It is impossible to eliminate the genetic factor - the propensity for the disease is inherited, sex change - men get sick more often, and slow down aging by pushing back climax. With age, the likelihood of developing the disease increases.
A combination of risk factors cause pathological changes in the inner layer of the walls of blood vessels, which loses its barrier function and, in violation of metabolic processes in the body, cause atherosclerosis.
Symptoms of atherosclerosis and forms of the disease
At first, when cholesterol is deposited, the artery wall stretches and protrudes outward, so the onset of the disease can be ignored for a long time. However, under the influence of unfavorable phenomena - organic changes and systemic factors - the integrity of the vascular wall is violated, the plaque ruptures, and blood clots form in the vessels, narrowing their lumen. At this stage, the symptoms of the disease begin to be felt by the patient.
Diseases that cause atherosclerosis depend on the location of the thrombus.
- Atherosclerosis aorta;
- Ischemic heart disease. Its complications: myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, angina pectoris, heart failure;
- Cerebrovascular diseases - transient ischemic attack and stroke;
- The formation of blood clots in the vessels of the lower extremities causes lameness and gangrene;
- Atherosclerosis can be localized in the renal or mesenteric arteries.
Several vascular regions are affected, and the symptoms inherent in an acute state are varies a lot. Treatment of aortic atherosclerosis is required. What it is? Symptoms of the disease: burning pains behind the sternum - they are compared with turning a knife in the chest - are given to the back, neck, sometimes to the epigastric region.
Painful sensations take on a permanent nature - they either intensify or weaken, but not pass. Nausea, dizziness, coordination disorder, abdominal distension, numbness of the lower extremities and tongue join the pain.
If you do not consult a doctor at this stage, the aorta may simply rupture.
In coronary atherosclerosis arteries also develop burning pain in the chest. Coronary insufficiency leads to heart failure and myocardial infarction.
With atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, the following changes occur:
- coordination is impaired movements;
- face turns red;
- changes affect the day of the eye and affect visual acuity;
- sweating increases;
When peripheral arteries are affected, weakness in the legs and pain when walking, fatigue
does not correspond to the path traveled, a feeling of cooling of the limbs appears.
With atherosclerosis of mesenteric vessels in the abdomen during a meal, there is a sharp pain, gas formation increases, intestinal disorders appear - intestinal obstruction may develop.
Changes in urine tests and an increase in blood pressure the body reacts to atherosclerosis of the renal arteries. Treatment of atherosclerosis is necessary - this disease significantly affects the quality of life, unjustifiably lowering it.
How to treat atherosclerosis?
Which doctor should I contact to treat atherosclerosis, if symptoms of the disease? First you should contact your local doctor. The first appointments are made by this doctor - he gives directions for the necessary laboratory and apparatus examinations.
It is necessary to check blood pressure - preferably in dynamics, determine the level of sugar and cholesterol in the blood - lipid levels, an ECG, duplex examination, ultrasound -vessels, MRI.
Then the patient is referred - depending on the location of the lesions:
- to the cardiologist;
- vascular surgeon.
Each patient is treated according to an individual scheme, taking into account the clinical picture and the severity of the condition.
Treatment of atherosclerosis with folk remedies
Folk remedies will not cope with severe stages of atherosclerosis - in this case, surgical intervention is required to restore the patency of the arteries. But at an early stage of the disease, its development can be slowed down by means of traditional medicine.
For example, French doctors advise that atherosclerosis can be treated this way without drugs cerebral vessels: white wine - 300 ml - must be mixed with liquid natural honey - 50 g, and grated onions - 50 g. All this is insisted in the refrigerator for a week, they drink 3 tablespoons in the morning.< p> Another recipe: the sugar syrup is seasoned with ginger, cloves, cardamom, nutmeg, cinnamon and orange peel. For 120 ml of sugar syrup, measure the ingredients with pinches - little by little.
Pour this sweet mixture with a glass of red wine - and the medicine is ready. Store in the refrigerator, take a tablespoon in the morning and evening for a month.
How to treat atherosclerosis of the lower extremities with folk remedies?
One of the recipes:
- a head of grated garlic is mixed with a lemon, ground in a meat grinder together with a peel;
- is filled with boiled water - 0.5 l;
- insist 72 hours.
Drink in the morning, a tablespoon.
Herbal teas help to clear blood vessels - are brewed as standard: a tablespoon of a mixture of vegetable raw materials in a glass of boiling water, infused for 30 minutes in a water bath.
- Mix in the same amountash and birch leaves;
- Equal proportions - leaves: cherry, sea buckthorn, rosehip, plum, apple, strawberry;
- Currant and strawberry leaves, hawthorn flowers, fruits of the same plants, plus rose hips are crushed and brewed.
The range of remedies from the arsenal of traditional medicine is quite wide, and you can always choose something suitable for yourself.
If atherosclerosis is detected on time, its development can be stopped. Diet, vitality and folk remedies will help to restore the joy of life and elasticity of blood vessels.
If medication is already required, the possibility of connecting folk methods must be agreed with the attending physician.