How to choose a carpet for your home?
Quite recently, the walls of ordinary Khrushchev houses were everywhere decorated with carpets, which after a while smoothly moved to the floors. Today, this floor decoration can only be found in the homes of elderly owners, and modern young energetic property owners choose carpet for their home.
This material has a dense base and pile, which provide it with excellent thermal insulation properties. In addition, the carpet is beautiful, practical, environmentally friendly and easy to clean.
First of all, you need to focus on its technical characteristics, namely:
- coating density;
- pile height;
- color (here we are talking about the dyeing method);
- the composition of the thread.
Below we will take a closer look at each of these points.
selection of carpet by material type
Many types of carpet are visually difficult to distinguish from each other, but of this floor covering can be different substrate, type and height of pile, operational characteristics and type of yarn. To understand the performance characteristics, it is necessary to refer to the common European classification, which endows all floor coverings with pictogram icons indicating their class. For example, it is customary to mark residential premises with the " house " icon, as well as the number " 2 ".
In addition, the durability of the flooring is taken into account. This indicator is also characterized by the number and the "little man" icon, which, depending on the resistance to impact, can be from one to four. The more such people are indicated, the more load the canvas will be able to withstand.
Which carpet is best for a house where 1–2 people live? In this case, it is worth stopping at the coverage with the numbers " 23 ", but the material marked "31 " is ideal for home, in where 3 people live.
When choosing “ clothing " for your gender, pay attention to the quality of the fiber, which can be natural or artificial. Natural fibers are made from wool, silk, cotton, flax, jute, sisal, coconut, etc. Among artificial materials, mineral, plant and synthetic raw materials are widespread.
Mineral materials include glass and metal fibers, to vegetable - viscose and rubber, and synthetic - polypropylene and nylon. If the product contains 10 or more pwool, it is called natural. Such carpet provides normal air exchange and at the same time does not allow moisture to pass through, besides, it has excellent elasticity and fire resistance.
However, if you are looking for an inexpensive carpet for your home, this option will not suit you. The price for it remains quite high, and this despite the fact that the product wears out very quickly.
Synthetic carpet differs from natural material, the technical characteristics of which ensure its strength and durability. For example, a product made of polyamide is able to hold the pile well, not fade in direct sunlight and remain soft. The service life of such a material is 15 years.
A novelty on the market for such flooring is products from suprim and terklon. During the production process, they are subjected to a special treatment that increases the wear resistance of the product. In appearance and softness, they cannot be distinguished from woolen counterparts.
The most popular products are made of polyester and acrylic. Such carpet will last at least 8 years and will not lose its synthetic shine and hard texture. In addition, among the flooring of this type of the lowest price category, it is the undisputed leader.
Carpet selection by pile height
Today on sale you can find carpets with high and long pile, thick, single and multi-level. A single-tier product has uncut loops of the same length. A high-quality carpet of this type has a dense pile and excellent appearance, provided that all loops are of the same length.
When producing a multi-level canvas, it is possible to create three-dimensional patterns. As a result, there are more opportunities for choice both in terms of structure and in terms of a variety of colors and ornaments.
The original curly pile has a carpet "scroll" , and a plush, velor look is typical for a product with a sheared pile. If a printed pattern is applied to such a canvas, then you can purchase a product with excellent performance and the ability to mask traces of dirt.
Coverings with an intersecting cut loop are made on the basis of ancient technology, which allowed making carpets only by hand. Carpet covering "frieze" - heat-treated twisted yarns.
In the covering "saxony" twisted heat-set yarn that allows you to get bristles with a strictly vertical position.
When choosing a carpet, you should focus not only on the quality of the pile, but also on the base material. The basis of the carpet can be made of artificial felt, jute, rubber, foam, etc.
The choice of carpet for making and dyeing
The manufacturing method will also help to accept the right decision and will allow you to buy a really high-quality product.
Woven manufacturing method up toquite laborious and costly. The technology for the production of such a carpet can be compared with the technology for making an ordinary carpet and you can understand this by the presence of a mesh on the back of the canvas.
The tufting method significantly speeds up the process of obtaining the canvas and its cost is lower.
The needle-punched method is used in cases when one wants to give the product additional properties, for example, increased wear resistance. This carpet is usually used to cover the floors of theaters, cafes, restaurants, offices, etc.
The method of staining is of decisive importance in presenting the appearance and preserving the pattern. If the pile was painted only from above, then you can not hope that the drawing will retain its colors for a long time.
Only those products in which the pile is painted entirely are able to maintain an attractive appearance for a long time. Therefore, when choosing a carpet, you need to pay attention not to the color palette, but to the methods of dyeing the pile.
We wish you to choose exactly the covering that will not only please you with its appearance, but also will satisfy your requests regarding its quality!