How to transplant a ficus at home and when better to do it?
Plant lovers take pleasure from each other's processes of ficus to plant this plant at home. Most of his species (of which there are several hundred) are really not fastidious, but to make plants easily take root, we need to ensure certain conditions. But there are more whimsical types of culture.
In any case, it is important to know not only how to transplant a ficus, but when you have to do what the earth needs plants and on what conditions.
When transplanted flower?
The following signs will help you to understand that the ficus requires a different pot:
- Of the holes at the bottom of the old pot, the roots look;
- After you have watered flower in a short time the soil dries out;
- You see a tangle of roots in the ground.
In General, the frequency of transplantation depends on what the age of the plant. If it is young (up to 4 years), to make the procedure a every year. For a more adult colors it is rarer – about 1 time/2 year.
As for the season, when you should repot the ficus, it is the end of winter – beginning of spring.
His simplicity of many suggests that it can be done and in the fall, but this is not true. This time of year for transplanting culture is wrong period. Some growers have a different point of view, as it is often necessary to transplant the ficus in particular, at what time of the year to do it. They say that it is possible to carry out the procedure and in the summer, but not in extreme heat.
If you have a process, it first must be placed in a container of water where it will root. In a pot with the ground bone is transplanted only with them.
Experienced growers recommend planting the plant immediately when the tip of the stem will be dried up. This approach requires special skills, so if you first breed a flower, wait until the stem takes root. It will take root better and faster if you choose a special substrate, intended for planting young flowers.
As a rule, the process is carried out by a method called "transloading". He suggests that the roots are not released from earthen coma and transferred to a new pot with them.
New tub for the ficus needs to be wider than the previous 2-3 cm in diameter. For the event, prepare a special soil, which can be purchased at the store or make with your own hands.
In the second case, you will need:
- Coniferous earth;
Components are taken in proportions 1:2:2 respectively.
Such soil should be, if transshipment is for young culture, but if she's an adult, you will need the following ingredients:
- Ground sheet;
- Coniferous mixture;
- Turf ground;
All the components you need to take in equal parts.
To transplant a ficus correctly, it is necessary to take into account such factors as temperature. It must be 18-23 degrees.
Higher it should not be, as the heat can affect so that soon the plant will start to wilt and subsequently may even die.
Before you transplant the rubber plant, watering it in the old pot the day before the event in order to facilitate its removed, especially if we are talking about such types, as elastica.
Now you can get it out of the pot a little shake to the ground (but not all) and move the plant to a new capacity. The bottom of the tubs do not forget to cover the drainage layer consisting of foam, expanded clay and other components. Surround the culture of the soil, covering all empty space. Note that you can transplant the flower so that the root collar was buried.
As soon as the handling is over, pour the ficus. In the case where the process is hampered due to the large age culture, it is enough to replace the top part of the soil.
Tips and advice
The ficus will take some time to adapt to the new capacity, especially if you transplant the plant, which has many roots, because the pot may be too large. During this period, the culture growth may slow down.
Sometimes the growers of the risk to plant or move the plant into a new pot in the fall. Some species really can handle this process, but it is important to remember that the period October – February marked by leaf drop due to the lack of heat and light. This is especially need to consider if you are going to repot the ficus elastica.
If you do not want the flower continued to grow, to move into a larger pot it does not need. Not to hurt him and not to die, 1 time/3 years to cut shoots. Remember that these plants do not bloom in "captivity", so don't expect transplanted at home, they bloom.
Some important nuances that are worth considering during the procedure:
- The new pot should not be much larger than the old, because the flower prefers to grow in close quarters;
- When you remove the flower, examine its roots — some of them may be rotten. Such roots must be carefully removed, but this should be done right – after manipulation they should be dry, and then to process the cut by "Fungicide";
- Even healthy roots can break in his hands, if they are mishandled, so keep extracted from the capacity of the plant carefully. The main sign that they are rotten, is their raschitana when you pop out of the ficus pot;
- By the color of the roots it is impossible to determine they are healthy or not, because their color can be brown, yellow, beige, white;
- If the ficus is very large, you could put it do not need to resort to the periodic removal of the upper part of the soil.
In some cases transshipment is not used for transplantation and the earth need plants to bring down, but usually not all, but partially.
Usually this method is used for young flowers, which had been temporarily placed in the substrate for transportation. This ground to be all the time culture can not.
Flower in new capacity should be located at the same height where it was before. This condition is often not taken into account that discomfort plant.
When handling the crop is under stress, so do not be afraid and wonder if she is going to drop a lot of leaves.
The fact that most of the transshipment is applied, growers explain the many advantages of this method:
- The flower does not have to spend a lot of energy to recover and adapt;
- It is suitable for transplanting of young flower and those where the root system is weak;
- The process of transshipment can be realized in the period of flowering of culture.
The method has the disadvantage that, in spite of what types of plants transplanted – Benjamin, elastica, etc., to make the procedure a lot. This is explained by the small difference between the volumes of the new and old capacity.
How in house conditions it is possible to transplant the ficus in particular, Benjamin? This can be done by direct transplant, but this method is used very rarely and only under special circumstances.
The process is very simple, so if you want you can perform one only acquainted with the technology of the procedure.