Metacin in pregnancy: principles of drug elimination of the threat of miscarriage
Pathological conditions during pregnancy, provoking a threat of premature interruption of pregnancy, usually complicated by hypertonicity of the uterus. The panacea in such cases, are the antispasmodics, but not all of them allowed women in the period of carrying a baby, because it can harm the fetus.
From the range allowed antispasmodics gynecologists prefer to prescribe to their patients But-Spa, Platifillin, Metacin and helps during pregnancy.
An effective mechanism holinolitiki
Premature birth and spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy is considered a topical problem in gynecology has been for many decades. Most cases of pathological pregnancy are associated with hypertonicity of the uterus, this condition leads to complications during gestation and spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy.
The state of increased uterine tonus is accompanied by cramps, caused by uterine contractions. That is why most women experience severe pain spasm for some time.
Doctor typically studies the problem comprehensively and assigns to maintain pregnancy treatment corresponding to the multifactorial nature of the pathology. In case of a threat Metacin during pregnancy in the early stages helps because you'll be action.
- Reduces the frequency of uterine contractions, reducing simultaneously the duration and intensity of large uterine contractions.
- Improves utero-placental circulation.
- Decreases hypertonicity of the uterus.
- Smoothed smooth muscles of the myometrium.
This comprehensive impact Metacin, it normalizes the increased contractile activity of the uterus, razlagova deformed wall. In this way, the risk of spontaneous abortion and decreases on the background of maintenance therapy is gradually eroding. Use this dosage form as in the early stages of pregnancy and the last trimester in the case of real threat of premature birth.
Indications imposed solution metatsina
Pronounced pharmacological action imposed solution metatsina allows you to use this antispasmodic in gastrointestinal and pulmonary practices. Use Metacin during pregnancy manual recommends in the following cases:
- with the threat of interruption of pregnancy against the background of increased uterine activity (with minor structural changes, with the groans of the birth canal);
- in severe threat of miscarriage, accompanied by structural changes of the cervix;
- if necessary, prolong pregnancy longer, for the safe condition of the newborn.
Prevention of spontaneous abortion and preterm delivery are considered the main direction of application of imposed solution metatsina during pregnancy. When this doctor militates against self-medication of this drug, as in some cases a correction of the dose conducts a gynecologist, observing the pregnancy.
Pharmaceutical composition of antispasmodic
Metacin refers to a group of medicines of a number of m-holinoblokatorov. It is available in tablet form. Part of the antispasmodic drug include:
- metotsiniya iodide active substance;
- milk sugar, starch, magnesium stearate – excipient.
The active ingredient having a blocking effect on cholinergic receptors, reducing the tone of smooth muscles of internal organs. Excipients contribute to the prolonged action of the active substances that enhance and complement its effectiveness.
How can I take Metacin pregnant
During pregnancy antispasmodic action of the drug, aimed at relaxing the walls of the uterus, it reduces the excitability and readiness to fight. Depending on the degree of threat to the pregnancy, the doctor will adjust the scheme and the rate of administration imposed solution metatsina.
In the first trimester, the drug is usually administered in a dosage of 0.002 gram 2 to 4 times a day. Relief a patient feels after a quarter of an hour after ingestion, as normal, increased uterine contractility.
In the case of complex state of the pregnant woman with the presence of obvious signs of threatened abortion therapy requires a comprehensive and in-depth. Simultaneously with the complex other drugs Metacin is assigned according to the following scheme in compliance dosages:
- 0.002 gram of the drug up to 6 times per day in tablet form;
- injectable forms 2 times a day 1 ml of 1% solution.
Injections morning and evening, intramuscular, intravenous or subcutaneous injection.
In the absence of severe threats of miscarriage, with spasmodic pain of unclear Genesis in pregnant women, a doctor prescribes a drug antispasmodic anticholinergic action doses, selected individually.
Contraindications to treatment Metacin
Spite of its evident and efficient therapeutic effect, in some situations, the drug is not prescribed in the presence of certain contraindications. Metacin is absolutely contraindicated in patients who have a history of:
- hypersensitivity to the active the active substance;
- milk sugar intolerance;
- huasna-galactose disorders.
Experts distinguish also a high risk group, which includes patients who have this holinoblokator is appointed with caution and under the condition that the expected therapeutic effect higher than the risk of side effects. The drug is prescribed with caution to patients with a history of:
- cardiovascular failure: atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, ischemic heart disease, mitral stenosis, arterial hypertension;
- symptoms of fever accompanied by aching and pain in muscles, high fever, headache;
- ulcerative colitis;
- kidney or liver failure, especially in a state of relapse;
- pathology, accompanied by increased intraocular pressure;
- chronic diseases of the pulmonary system including chronic pneumonia, obstructive lung disease, bronchial asthma;
- autonomic neuropathy;
- myasthenia gravis;
- acute pathology of the blood;
- malfunctions of the urinary system, as there is a risk of obstructed excretion of body fluids while taking this holinoblokatora.
Before taking a decision on the treatment of pregnancy pathology that antispasmodic, doctor studies the medical history data of the patient and determines the degree of possibility of application of imposed solution metatsina for the relief of symptoms of the threat of miscarriage. In some cases, correction doctor dosage to decrease also occurs on the background of existing of the mother of deviations and pathologies in health status.
Possible side effects imposed solution metatsina
On a background of reception of holinoblokatora possible adverse effects. During treatment a pregnant woman can be diagnosed the following pathologies:
- dysphagia, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms;
- violation of intestinal motility, a decline in his motor function;
- sensation of dryness in the mucous membranes of the oral cavity;
- the sense of thirst;
- palpitations, shortness of breath slightly pronounced in the background;
- violation of excretion of fluids from the body;
- dilated pupils;
- increased intraocular pressure, decreased visual acuity in the background;
- the paralysis of accommodation.
While unwanted symptoms can occur on the background of drug overdose, when the woman decide to increase the dose or frequency of reception.
If you experience any adverse symptoms, the doctor evaluates the patient and decides on the correction of dosage in the direction of reduction or cancellation of treatment with this drug holinoblokatora.
Supporting recommendations for therapy
A pregnant woman during the period of relief of symptoms of the threat of miscarriage, be sure to observe all recommendations of the attending doctor. In most cases, correction of the condition of the patient is in a hospital, where the doctors have the opportunity around the clock to monitor the condition of the mother and fetus.
First and foremost, the woman is recommended:
- to limit the mode of physical and physical activity;
- avoid sudden movements;
- to avoid situations that provoke psycho-emotional stress;
- to normalize the resting
Special attention should also be paid to the diet and drinking regime of the mother. The diet should be balanced, experts recommend to exclude the following dishes:
- fatty heavy foods;
- sharp and spicy dishes;
- pastry and confectionery;
The diet doctors recommend to include:
- fresh greens, vegetables, fruits;
- liver, boiled meat, fish;
- dairy products;
- cereals, berries, fresh juices.
You should pay attention to the drinking regime, using a day as much liquid as will not harm the excretory system and will not create an additional burden on the renal system.
An important condition of effective treatment of the symptoms of uterine hypertonus is considered a mandatory adherence to all recommendations of the gynecologist and the inadmissibility of self-medication.
There are also a number of diseases in which the medication is prescribed with caution and under supervision of a gynecologist. Especially this precaution asXia future mothers who suffer lung and heart failure.