Mixed gastritis of the stomach: description of pathology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Mixed gastritis is a disease of the stomach, which includes a complex of several conventional forms of gastritis. Typically, patients with this diagnosis at the same time reveals a hemorrhagic, superficial, erosive, and hypertrophic form of the disease. Features of treatment of this pathology is quite specific, and somewhat different from the usual therapy of acute or chronic gastritis.
What is a mixed gastritis, and therefore can develop such a pathology?
There is a lot of catalysts, which, alas, is not always possible to avoid. Therefore, such a pathology can suddenly become a problem even for perfectly healthy at first glance, human.
To cure this disease, you will be shown a certain diet and also some medications. So, what are the aspects of the treatment mixed chronic gastritis, and how can it be avoided?
The development of the disease and its main causes
Like any other gastritis, mixed provokes adverse effect on the tissues of the stomach known bacteria – Helicobacter pylori. Typically, these microorganisms begin to systematically destroy the stomach wall, parasitizing in it.
Hitting them, the bacterium provokes superficial gastritis. But because its symptoms are very vague and non-specific, patients generally are not in a hurry to go to the doctor even when available.
At this time, Helicobacter pylori forms a more acceptable environment in the cavity of the body, starting to proliferate and even faster damage to the body. As a consequence, on its walls are formed small ulcers erosion-like lesions. In this case it is necessary to speak about already established accession erosive gastritis superficial.
After the beginning of the development of erosions, blood vessels of the walls of the stomach begin to break down and become weak. This leads to the fact that in the formation of bleeding. The minor but existing. The result of this disease progression is the increased overall activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
Here much depends on the lifestyle of the person suffering from the disease. If he doesn't eat right, smokes or drinks often, at this stage, may develop hypertrophic form of the disease.
In the final stages of development of the pathology, the patient has a significant change of the body. Special transformations are subjected to the stomach wall. Their structure becomes loose, the surfaces begin to form a variety of growths – polyps, which are benign, though, still must be very alert and the doctor and the patient. At this stage the decision on the treatment of mixed superficial and atrophic gastritis.
Symptomatology and clinical picture
Initially the disease does not cause obvious symptoms, which could become a real impetus for urgent treatment for professional medical care. In this lies the main intrigue of pathology.
A person suffering from disease may feel only minor discomfort. It is usually taken for its relief folk remedies. Meanwhile, the pathology progresses safely and evolyutsioniruet.
The symptoms of chronic superficial and atrophic gastritis may include the following phenomena:
- The appearance of a slight discomfort in the stomach.
- The feeling of sucking in the stomach;
- Bloating and flatulence, sometimes quite strongly expressed (however, this is often taken to be the frustration of a chair, or a consequence of the fact that eve had eaten something spoiled);
- The suppression of appetite or a drastic change the taste preferences;
- The appearance of pain in the intercostal space (the pain may radiate to the scapula and the waist);
- The emergence of the "overcrowding" of the stomach without objective reasons (overeating in this case is often excluded);
- Heartburn after eating certain foods (often sour, bitter or spicy);
- Vomiting (may contain bloody start, which usually alarms the patient more often; gastric emptying in this case doesn't bring relief).
In the treatment of mixed gastritis the most important special diet. However, it is not limited to therapy, and traditionally, the patient is prescribed an extensive list of medicines for oral administration.
Features therapy pathology
Such diseases as gastritis mixed, requires special treatment. And she is appointed after a comprehensive differential diagnosis. Treatment of pathology must necessarily be comprehensive, aimed not only at relief of symptoms, but address the root causes of the disorder.
Although diagnosis may seem simple at first glance, in fact, everything is different. Sometimes a physician is very difficult to make an accurate and correct diagnosis, since none of the mixed forms of gastritis does not give the expressed and specific symptoms. Almost always the patient is assigned to the EGD procedure, or fibrogastroduodenoscopy.
Treatment of the disease involves eliminating any and all causes that provoked it. The fact of the self-treatment of the mixed gastritis folk remedies should be excluded, probably, it will not bring any special effect, and will only aggravate the disease. Most often for high-quality therapy uses antibiotics and special medical diet.
Diet: forbidden foods
Diet mixed stomach gastritis standard is based on the use of the medical table. But in some cases you can do only exception to their daily menu foods that provoke exacerbations of the disease.
You will have to eliminate or severely limit in your diet are foods and drinks:
- Alcoholic beverages;
- Pastries, including muffins;
- Salty and spicy cheeses (also not recommended eating fatty Mature varieties of fermented milk product, e.g., with mold);
- Various spices and also natural herbs;
- Coffee (both natural and granulated instant);
- The sauces (both production and prepared themselves – for example, adjika);
- Rye bread;
- Fatty meals;
- Fried foods;
- Barley grits;
- Fatty sour cream;
All of these food sources can cause deterioration of the walls of the stomach for gastritis. If you stop to use them, you will get a chance for an accelerated recovery of already-established lesions.
At the same time to the diet remained nutritionally and supplied you with everything you need for a healthy life, you need to lean on certain foods.
Try to introduce in your diet the following food sources:
- Of lean fish;
- White meat chicken or Turkey;
- Rabbit meat;
- Milk and dairy products;
- Eggs, boiled soft-boiled or in a bag;
You also need to be careful to avoid overloading the stomach. For this you need to adhere to the principles of a fractional power is to consume food in small portions 5-6 times a day.
Drinking regime is also extremely important in the diet. Try to drink at least two liters of pure distilled or filtered water a day. You can drink medicinal herbal teas, but only after consultation with your doctor. Tea and coffee is better to exclude. However, green tea diet is not forbidden.
The vast majority of cases, mixed gastritis, medication treatment includes antibiotics. It is important to deactivate the main perpetrators of the violations – that is, Helicobacter pylori. This flora is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. Therefore, for its destruction used a variety of antibiotic drugs.
In addition to antibiotics, you can assign:
- Antiprotozoal drugs;
- Drugs to normalize the natural secretion of the stomach;
- Binders and coating agents;
- Substitutes of gastric acid;
- Protivorechivye funds.
You learned what a hybrid form of gastritis, and if you feel symptoms, you must quickly consult a doctor.