Nutrition for broken arms and legs: is it worth changing the diet?
Fracture is an extremely unpleasant injury and complete healing of the injured limb can take a long time. Unfortunately, not all people know that proper nutrition for bone fractures can speed up the healing process. Therefore, in the article we will talk about which diet to choose for those who have a broken arm or leg and want to recover quickly.
Fracture diet: what is there?
With this type of limb injury, it is very important that the patient's diet is balanced. The menu should include healthy foods that have a beneficial effect on the restoration of tissues and the body as a whole.
It should be borne in mind that very often with fractures of the arms, and especially the legs, for example, with an ankle injury with displacement, physical activity decreases.
Therefore, it is important that the menu is not only balanced and healthy, but also light. This will help prevent weight gain during treatment and recovery.
For arm fractures, the patient's diet may vary depending on the regimen. That is, if a person cannot get out of bed and is motionless, then such a patient needs to eat at least 6 times a day. This is due to the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
The fact is that in a supine state, the stomach simply cannot stretch too much, which means that the patient is not able to consume a lot of food at one time.
Those who have the disease " on their feet " can eat as many times as they like. The best option is to eat as usual: overeating, like hunger, can negatively affect recovery.
To speed up the healing process, it is very important to add nutrients and vitamins to the menu. Calcium will be in the first place in importance; it is found in small fish and low-fat cottage cheese. Not everyone knows, but calcium is present in large quantities in sesame seeds. They can be purchased at the supermarket, in the condiment section, and can be eaten with baked goods. In addition, calcium is found in green leafy vegetables, do not forget this.
It is important not only to consume foods rich in calcium, but also to do everything so that the substance is absorbed by the body ... To do this, you will have to give up the use of sweets and soda (lemonades wash out calcium). For the substance to be better absorbed, it is necessary to add foods containing vitamin C to the diet.
In case of bone fracture, it is recommended to use fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs. PerYou can make fresh vegetable and fruit juices during the time after injury. It is recommended to drink juices in the morning or afternoon.
For calcium to be better absorbed by the body, vitamin D is needed. It is produced by exposure to sunlight, but not all people with fractures can go outside. Therefore, you should include in the diet foods containing vitamin D: small fish with bones and butter. For some patients, doctors prescribe medications containing vitamin D. And, of course, be in the sun whenever possible. This is useful.
After a broken arm or leg, nutrition should include foods rich in B vitamins. They are found in wholemeal rye flour, as well as products made from it. These vitamins are present in green meats and vegetables.
Protein foods should also be on the menu, because they contain useful antioxidants. They are simply vital to the muscles, since their movements are minimal, which means there is a risk of atrophy. To avoid this, eat whole grains, buckwheat, meat and fish.
Recommended Food List
To compose the optimal menu for the patient, you need to remember what substances the bones need to recover. These useful elements include vitamins of various groups: B, C, D, K, as well as calcium, zinc, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus. Do not be surprised at such a set of elements.
Each substance, in one way or another, contributes to the normal absorption of protein and calcium by the body. It is thanks to these components that tissue restoration and recovery will occur.
Based on this knowledge, we can say that food products after fractures of a leg or other limbs should be as follows:
- Fish, sesame seeds, dairy products (especially cottage cheese), cabbage, spinach and almonds - contain calcium;
- Whole grain bread, bananas, nuts, leafy vegetables, shrimps, some types of fish are excellent sources of magnesium;
- Fatty fish and fish oil capsules will help nourish the body with vitamin D;
- Pumpkin seeds, seafood, legumes, sea fish , mushrooms, oatmeal and buckwheat, walnuts are necessary to obtain zinc;
- Egg yolk, cheese, beef liver, sturgeon caviar, beans, buckwheat and oatmeal are all sources of phosphorus;
- You can get vitamin K from fermented milk products;
- Vitamins of group B (B6, B9, B12) are found in bananas, citrus fruits, white cabbage and Brussels kale, leafy vegetables, beets, brewer's yeast, legumes, etc.
In case of ankle fracture, food should contain foods that which contains bromine, for example, apricots, apples, peas and others.
To summarize, I would like to say that the patient's nutrition with a fracture of the bones of the legs or other extremities should be saturated with protein foods - meat, fish. And also supplemented with fresh herbs and vegetables, which will improve the digestive tract.
What should be avoided from the diet?
The list of foods that need to be removed from the menu in case of limb injuries will include foods that can hardly be called useful. First of all, these will be semi-finished products, too salty and smoked food. Although these products give gastronomic pleasure and saturate the body, they cannot be called healthy food.
Such food does not feed the patient with the necessary vitamins and microelements. But it can do harm, especially to bedridden patients. The fact is that semi-finished products, smoked meats and sausages contain a lot of salt, which can provoke fluid retention in the body and, as a result, provoke edema. And such unhealthy food can have a negative effect on digestion.
Not so long ago, doctors came to the conclusion that it is better for patients to refuse hot drinks such as tea and coffee during the recovery period after injuries. According to experts, the period of tissue repair and bone healing in people who consume no more than 2 cups of strong tea or coffee a day passes faster.
And how already mentioned above, skip sugary lemonades. Such drinks negatively affect the absorption of calcium and flush it out of the body. And this is very bad, because it is calcium that helps a speedy recovery.
The recommendations given in the article are suitable for various injuries, even with displaced fractures, nutrition will be relevant. But in any case, when choosing a diet to restore the body, consult your doctor. Only an experienced specialist will be able to correctly develop a menu, taking into account all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
And remember that nutrition in case of jaw fracture will differ from the diet in case of limb injury, so be careful when drawing up the menu. Take care of yourself and do not get sick.