Orchids, beautiful, plants. It is believed that this flower of love and sexuality. Color and form are so diverse that it is impossible to describe. It does not grow in soil but on other plants, usually trees. Therefore, it requires special care and attention.
It is believed that caring for orchids is quite complex, requiring a lot of time and attention. But, in spite of this with proper care, she will delight you with a rich and bright blooms.
There are a huge number of varieties and types of orchids. Perhaps the most common is the Phalaenopsis Orchid.
This is the species most adapted to domestic conditions and does not require special care for successful maintenance, it is sufficient to follow a few rules.
Flowers orchids Phalaenopsis is like a butterfly, large and bright. Have an elongated oval or slightly elongated leaves, tall stems with buds.
Phalaenopsis orchids: the first days in Your house
Once you have brought this beautiful flower to Your home, first you need to give him time to adapt to the new location. Unzip it, if you have the wrap and leave alone for a few days.
Is good to think about the habitat of the flower, its light, and humidity. Phalaenopsis does not like frequent changes of dwelling place, so you need to choose a permanent place.
Caring for orchids Phalaenopsis
Caring for orchids is definitely different from caring for other plants. In particular from the fact that this plant in nature grows in the ground and in the trees. To your favorite regularly bloomed and was healthy, it is necessary to create certain conditions and to follow a few rules.
First, let's talk about the root system of this flower. Phalaenopsis have thick roots, some of which are absorbed into the substrate, the portion located above the surface of the pot. This is necessary because the"air" roots need light and oxygen.
The roots are very sensitive to moisture and fragile.
Pot is preferable to take a transparent, glass or plastic. It is preferable to take plastic because it is lightweight and the condition of the roots is readily apparent that for the Phalaenopsis is very important. Clay pots are not suitable for orchids, the roots of plants in such pots tightly grow to its walls, and during transplantation are injured. The pot must be hole so that water does not stagnate, otherwise the roots will simply rot.
The most important in the care of Phalaenopsis orchids is moderate watering and well-ventilated area. The plant is very susceptible to rot and fungus, so when watering it is important that the water does not get into the core of the orchids.
Lighting and temperature
Orchid refers to light-loving plants, but prefers a diffused light, the direct rays of the sun. The midday summer heat can become detrimental to her. So if your Phalaenopsis Orchid resides on the South Windows during the hottest hours should be pritenyat.
Otherwise the plant will get burnt listen and roots. If the plant is located on the Northern Windows, it is necessary to provide additional lighting. Like any tropical plant, the optimum temperature for keeping orchids +20(+25) degrees.
Orchids like well ventilated, but in any case, not drafts. In order for the Orchid bloomed regularly, it is useful to arrange for her to shake. The plant begins to bloom, stressing out.
All night, leave the flower in a cool place, 15-18 degrees, and in the morning put in a warm, lighted place and strengthen watering.
Watering Phalaenopsis orchids is also quite specific. It is better to implement the following
follows: in a bowl pour water and put the pot with the Orchid in it. Leave for a few hours. The plant will take as much water as he needs. Such watering will prevent the plant from rotting. Very afraid of the humidity by watering in the middle of the Orchid.
Very convenient to put the plastic pot with the Orchid in a ceramic or glass pot without holes, filled with 1/3 water. The water should be room temperature or slightly warmer.
In the warm Orchid can be sprayed with warm water, avoiding the buds and dampening the substrate. In the hottest period of the Phalaenopsis Orchid likes a warm shower. You can put a pot with a flower in the bathroom and water from a warm shower. In this event, it is important to make sure the water is dripping from the core and does not remain between the sheets.
Better after this shower wet the leaves with a dry cloth.
To transplant an Orchid is once every 3 years, at rest, slightly increasing the size of the pot. If you are going to transplant a newly purchased Orchid, wait until it will wither. The substrate for orchids Phalaenopsis is composed of bark, peat and a little sphagnum moss, and bark content in this case is 23.
It is better to buy the prepared substrate, as it is already treated against pests, which may contain bark.
If possible, it is possible to manufacture the substrate, then, in this case the collected bark should be boiled for 15 minutes to dry and break into pieces. Gently shake out the Orchid from the old pot, so as not to damage the roots.
Scissors should be cut dry and rotten roots. It should be possible to remove the old substrate from the roots of the plant. In a pot put a bit of crust, then a bit of earth and sphagnum. A plant placed in a pot, the space between the roots must be filled with substrate, using sticks distributing it between the roots.
Not worth much to immerse the Orchid in the substrate, the core plant should be located on the surface of the pot.
For good flowering, the Orchid should be fertilized. Fertilizer should be used only, special for orchids, other plants will not fit. Feeding is carried out once a week of blooming orchids and once a month plants are at rest.
Water for irrigation is necessary to pour a little fertilizer and to carry out regular watering. In no case do not fertilize the Orchid with a regular fertilizer for indoor plants.
Phalaenopsis orchids are most often propagated by layers, formed on the old flower stalk from dormant buds.
But there are times when the plant produces a new socket beside the old.
Sprouts is deposited from the "mother" when formed of not less than 2 wealthy roots.
In the hothouse environment of the Phalaenopsis orchids do not rarely propagated by seeds.
Diseases and pests
Common diseases of orchids are rot and fungal diseases. Therefore, the core of the plant is to protect it from excessive moisture. Signs can serve as dark spots on the leaves, othnielia and abscission of the leaf.
As Phalaenopsis orchids can be affected by spider mites and other mites.
In this case you can see the silver coating on the sheet, web or dark, sometimes red dots that spread when pressed.