Polyps in the uterus

Polyps in the uterus is a benign tumor that is formed due to pathological proliferation of endometrial cells, i.e. mucous membrane. This massive formation resembling a mushroom or a drop.

Size can be within a few millimeters or a few centimeters. Polyps may be single or grow in groups.

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The exact causes of polyps science is not yet known. But one of the main factors causing the growth of these tumors is hormonal imbalance in the body.

Consider other risk factors contributing to the development of polyps in the uterus:

Polyps in the uterus
  1. High levels of estrogen in a woman's body. This hormone produces a growth of endometrial cells;
  2. Low levels of progesterone;
  3. Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the rug of the uterus;
  4. Recently done the abortion;
  5. Belonging to the age group older than 40-50 years of age;
  6. The genetic disease;
  7. Endocrine pathology in addition to problems with the hormones of female sexual sphere;
  8. Overweight;
  9. Diabetes, and related angiopathy.

Polyp of the endometrium located in the uterus, refers to hyperplastic pathologies. These tumors are not true tumors. In fact, this limited proliferation of cells of the uterine mucosa, which does not violate its structure.

Their diagnosis and treatment requires special attention due to the high probability of their initiation of uterine bleeding and infertility. In addition, uterine polyps tend to degenerate into cancer tumors.

The causes of polyp (or more) in the uterus also include violation of the ovulatory cycle, chronically high levels of estrogen, infertility, and the presence of fibroids, genital endometriosis and genetic factors.

Was considered that this pathology is specific to women of child-bearing age range, but the researchers found that polyps in the uterus can develop with the same probability, from young girls and women who have experienced menopause.


Symptoms of polyps in the uterus include:

  1. Heavy bleeding during menstruation as well as after it;
  2. Menstrual cycle;
  3. Discomfort or pain during sex;
  4. Spotting spotting blood after intercourse.

Polyps in the uterus are small in size are often not expressed symptomatically, and diagnose them accidentally with comprehensive examination or diagnosis of various pathologies.

Tumors of large size, usually provoke discomfort or pain, and also cause infertility, and prevent the consolidation of a fertilized egg. For example, adenomatous polyp of the uterus of any size can their degeneration to develop into cancer.


If your suspicions about the presence of polyp met, before starting treatment, your doctor will prescribe diagnostic tests for accurate diagnosis. It is important to determine not only the presence of the neoplasm itself, but also to find out the unit or not, where the uterus is located, what species belongs, and only then to decide how to treat it.

Diagnosis of polyps in the uterus, suggests the following studies:

Polyps in the uterus
  • Ultrasound examination of the uterus, appendages and, if necessary, of urinary organs;
  • Micrographia – x-ray examination of the uterine cavity filled with contrast through the cervical canal;
  • Hysteroscopy – examination with a special instrument (a hysteroscope) of the uterine cavity, which allows to visualize on the screen the state of the body;
  • Also required to conduct biopsy, as the polyps can degenerate into a malignant tumor.


Treatment of polyp of the uterus possible without surgery if the size of tumors is not very large. Then you can remove it with the hysteroscope. To do without surgery and untreated, the polyp can also in cases when it is small or during pregnancy. Often during pregnancy, especially if the threat of a breakdown has been used hormones, a polyp can spontaneously disappear after delivery.

In cases where the tumor provokes discomfort, pain, bleeding, the risk of developing a cancerous tumor, the removal of a polyp in the uterus is necessary to make urgently.

Depending on the type of polyps, their size and number, age of the woman and her desire to preserve fertility in the future, treatment may include:

Polyps in the uterus
  1. Medication hormonal drugs, normalizing the hormone levels of the patient;
  2. Hysteroscopy – removal of a polyp in the uterus using the hysteroscope;
  3. Curettage of the uterine cavity;
  4. Surgical removal of the uterus – is performed in cases when the risk of endometrial cancer is very high.

Don't be alarmed that the treatment involves surgical intervention. How to treat the tumor in your uterus will decide only the doctor.

You may not need surgery. But to treat them in any way necessary for the possibility of rebirth in a cancer treatment procedure which will be much harder.

Be surveyed in advance and not get sick!