Psychohygiene or how a personality is formed

Psychohygiene is a branch of medicine that studies the factors and environmental conditions that affect the mental development and human condition, and develops recommendations for strengthening and maintaining the mental health of children, adolescents and adults.

Psychohygiene or how a personality is formed

Psychoprophylaxis is intended to develop interventions that prevent and prevent mental illness and illness from becoming chronic.

Content
  • Psychohygiene life
  • Psycho-hygiene of the family
  • Definition of concepts

    Psychohygiene studies the state of neuropsychic health, its dynamics in connection with a variety of environmental factors (natural, industrial, social and household). In addition, this branch of hygiene develops, on the basis of the data obtained, special methods of influence on a person in order to create conditions for strengthening and maintaining his mental health.

    At present, mental hygiene is an analysis of the impact the environment on people and especially on adolescents. There are the following sections of science:

    • Age;
    • Household;
    • Family life;
    • Education and work .

    In turn, age-related hygiene primarily includes recommendations aimed at children and the elderly, because the psyche of these age groups is significantly different from ordinary adults.

    Mental hygiene and good health of children and adolescents is primarily based on age characteristics and should ensure the correct formation of the psyche. You need to understand that children are sensitive to the most insignificant physical and emotional influences, so a great role is given to the sensitive upbringing of the child.

    Fundamentals of mental hygiene of children:

    • Education of emotions;
    • Development and training of inhibition processes;
    • Overcoming difficulties.

    In old age, their own specific manners. This is due to the fact that metabolism is much slower, overall performance is reduced, memory is no longer the same as before.

    Therefore, the psyche of the elderly is much weaker. They endure any emotional trauma painfully, especially when it comes to breaking stereotypes. An established daily routine, effortless work and regular walks will help maintain mental health.

    Psychohygiene methods include:

    • Psychocorrectional work carried out in advisory centers, " helplines " and other organizations,which is focused on psychological assistance;
    • Mass surveys, which are carried out to identify the so-called risk groups, and preventive work with them;
    • Informing the population;
    • Among main tasks - help in crisis situations related to school, work or family;
    • Working with young and dysfunctional families.

    Mental hygiene life

    Psychohygiene or how a personality is formed

    Most of a person's life is spent in communication with other people. Pleasant words, support and participation of loved ones contribute to a good mood, but neglect, rudeness can traumatize the psyche, especially in sensitive people. We can say that in a friendly team the psychoclimate is favorable.

    However, there is a type of people who take everything too seriously and cannot inhibit negative emotions. They must re-educate themselves, because difficulties in life are found everywhere. To do this, it is recommended to learn how to correctly assess the situation, manage your emotions.

    Psychohygiene of the family

    The family has a great responsibility, because it is in this team that the personality is formed, fundamentals of behavior. Family relationships significantly affect a person and therefore they are significant both for each individual person and for society as a whole.

    Good family relationships are based on mutual respect, love and friendship, common views. Mutual understanding and the ability to make concessions play a huge role. A friendly environment contributes to the formation of a strong family and creates good conditions for raising children.

    It should be noted that mental hygiene in children and adolescents lies not only in the influence of the family, but also in an organized team, that is, in kindergarten and school. Now a large role is given to the psychohygiene of training sessions. At the time of study, there are two age crises (7 years and 15 years). At this time, children are very emotional and highly influenced.

    Psychohygiene of training sessions is aimed at promoting the harmonious and timely development of children, and preventing psycho-traumatic situations at school. Learning should bring joy, positive emotions and resist the stress that leads to fatigue.

    It should be noted that mental hygiene of stress is inextricably linked with other sections, especially with the mental hygiene of the child.

    Adapt to the new conditions of existence are very difficult for children, and for many it is quite painful. They may be distracted during class, engage in extraneous activities, behave badly during recess, run and scream, or, conversely, become passive. Some may feel embarrassed when talking to a teacher and burst into tears because of the remark.

    Signs of neuroses often appear, children lose their appetite, become capricious, and do not sleep well at night. It is possible to fully adapt at school only by the middle of the first year of study. However, a big role in shaping the personality of both a small child and a teenager is played bymy educational institution and teacher's behavior.

    On the basis of psychohygiene data, psychoprophylaxis develops a system of measures that lead to a decrease in mental illness, implements them in life.

    Prevention is divided into types, each of which is responsible for certain factors:

    • Primary is aimed at preventing the onset of the disease. It includes legislative measures that are responsible for the protection of public health;
    • Secondary. It consists in identifying the initial stages of diseases and their active treatment. We can say that this type of prevention is aimed at creating favorable conditions for the course of the disease, which leads to a quick cure;
    • Tertiary. The measures are aimed at preventing recurrence of diseases. In practice, for this, activities are carried out that are aimed at eliminating the unfavorable conditions of study and work.

    Psychohygiene and psychoprophylaxis, or rather, their methods of work, are being introduced by the joint efforts of doctors and teachers into the environment of the younger generation. Sanatoriums, children's camps and playgrounds are also used for this.

    Recommendations for maintaining mental health:

    Psychohygiene or how a personality is formed
    • Correct organization of the regime for and its observance;
    • Adjustment of study loads (requirements for the duration of the lesson, reading, writing, class schedule, their alternation, work and rest schedule, etc.) ;
    • Preparing children for kindergarten;
    • Child's readiness to enter school;
    • Proper education in a family and organized groups (kindergarten, school etc.);
    • An individual approach to each child;
    • Providing conditions for the favorable formation of the emotional state of children;
    • Integration of mental and physical activity into the educational process.

    Compliance with the above recommendations will create conditions for optimizing the performance of both children and adolescents, in addition, will strengthen their mental health ovie.