Symptoms and treatment of infantile pharyngitis
Due to the fact that a child's immunity is much weaker than that of an adult, infantile pharyngitis is a fairly common phenomenon. The only "joyful" feature of this disease is that its signs become noticeable literally on the first or second day.
Onset of the disease
Pharyngitis in children can appear at any time of the year, although most often they get sick in the autumn and spring.
Pathology is accompanied by inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues and mucous membranes of the posterior throat. This area immediately begins to hurt, which becomes the first alarm signal.
Other symptoms may differ in their severity level, and vary depending on the origin of the disease.
For example, the viral form of pharyngitis can be provoked by the same microorganisms that cause flu or a banal ARI. Quite often, a child has infectious mononucleosis, accompanied by inflammation of the back of the throat. By adulthood, a stable immunity is formed in relation to this pathology.
The appearance of acute pharyngitis is triggered by streptococci belonging to group A. When making a diagnosis, it is very important to establish the true nature of the disease, which will influence the choice of treatment strategy and medications. Incorrectly selected medicines will not only not bring the desired relief, but can also harm.
How does the disease manifest itself?
As already mentioned, the primary symptoms, as well as the need to choose the appropriate treatment for pharyngitis in children occurs literally on the second day after infection.
They may look different, but most often the following happens:
- the child's voice becomes hoarse, coughs and stuffy nose;
- watery eyeballs and body are considered a typical symptom of the disease covered with a small rash;
- symptoms of the bacterial form are reduced to unexpected sore throat, pain when swallowing food/drink, and treatment of such acute pharyngitis in children requires special care;
- headaches and fever;
- reddened and swollen throat, tonsils covered with whitish-yellowish specks, offensive breath rye;
- probable abdominal pain, nausea, a rash on the body, similar to the consequences of a sunburn.
The definition of granular or another variant of pharyngitis begins with the primaryvisual inspection of the child's throat and palpation. The doctor establishes the presence of tumors, and the final diagnosis is made only after taking biological material for laboratory study. A smear is taken from the patient, according to the results of which the type of bacteria that provoked the disease is determined.
The final decision as to how exactly to treat pharyngitis in children is based on the clarified cause of its occurrence and the symptoms accompanying the disease. In order not to get lost in conjectures, and not to think about how appropriate and safe to take antibiotics, treatment can be started with alternative methods.
For example, garlic, which has pronounced antifungal and antivirals, helps to cope with the viral form of pathology. qualities.
To speed up and simplify the treatment of granulosa pharyngitis in adults and children is possible by eating liquid and warm food: pureed soups and cereals, broths and crushed potatoes. The paradox of this disease is that the pain that accompanies inflammation of the mucous membranes can be relieved by using ice cream, frozen juices or chilled yogurt in food.
Treatment of cough, as well as sore throat in children with pharyngitis, rarely dispenses with rinsing, which are done with the use of salted heated water. This technique is difficult to translate into reality if the treatment concerns very young children who cannot rinse their throat and nasopharynx on their own.
In such situations, give the child the opportunity to use solutions enclosed in convenient anatomical tubes. The latter can be found and purchased literally in any pharmacy.
Acute form of the disease
Antibiotics for acute pharyngitis in children are prescribed quite often, because this form of the disease is provoked by bacteria type streptococcus. They also cause scarlet fever, a common juvenile illness common among the population under the age of 18.
Bacteria of this type do not respond well to alternative treatment, and the symptoms of this form of the disease are as follows:
- indispensable sore throat caused by inflammatory processes in the soft tissues;
- swelling of the tonsils, their redness and the appearance of white, purulent spots;
- pharyngitis rarely causes coughing and swelling of the lymph nodes located on both sides of the neck;
- nausea and gag reflex.
Even in such advanced stages, the ailment can be treated by rinsing with salt water.
It is prepared simply: a couple of Art. Is placed on a glass of warm and boiled liquid. l. table or sea salt (the latter option has priority). If vomiting occurs, it is important to exclude dehydration of the body, and constantly give the child a warm drink.
Prevention of pharyngitis involves a complete cessation of smoking in the company of the child, hardening and protection from walking aroundagazed and dusty areas.
During critical seasons, it is important to give children multivitamin complexes and install humidifiers in rooms.