The symptoms and treatment of pyometra in cats: removal and drug therapy
Pyometra is one of the forms of purulent endometritis. This pathology is extremely dangerous for the life of pet, so if you suspect such, you need to go to the vet.
Previously it was believed that this pathology is found only in older nulliparous cats, but recent data suggest otherwise – suffer equally parous and nulliparous, young and old. No danger of the disease is not only for sterilized cats, which along with the uterus removed, both ovaries.
Symptoms, causes and treatment of pyometra in cats
This pathology occurs mainly on the background of untreated endometritis or hormonal disorders. Cause of pus in the uterus can a variety of opportunistic microorganisms, such as cocci.
Often pet owners themselves become the unwitting instigators of the disease:
- failure to comply with the rules of asepsis in obstetrics, heat;
- uncontrolled or unchecked mating with cats;
- control of oestrus by hormonal means, for example, anti-sex, contratcs and similar.
Cats ovulation occurs only after mating and pyometra occurs in the absence thereof, but in the presence of stimulation. This can happen even with mild stimulation that triggered the release of progesterone. Rarely the disease occurs in the inactive months – from September to December.
The disease may be open when the pus comes out through the cervix into the vagina and out, and closed when pus collects in the uterus.
Purulent pyometra: symptoms in cats
The first signs of a dog owner usually notices 2 months after the last estrus. The disease is accompanied by changes in hormone levels in the uterus creates an environment favorable for the accumulation and development of harmful microorganisms. The number is constantly growing, which leads to the appearance of pus.
Signs of pyometra in cats is largely dependent on stage of pathology. If you have an open cervix there is discharge from the vulva. It can be seen in the frequent licking (up to every 20 minutes), spots that remain on the litter. The body temperature of the animal increases at 1-1, degrees, gradually deteriorating at the same time appetite and increased thirst. When the uterus is closed, pus accumulates in it and not going outside, going to the organ and the horns.
In this situation, a pathology more vivid:
- Selection may be minor, barely spotting, or absent;
- Stomach tight, enlarged, painful on palpation;
- The temperature rises stronger than in the uterus opened;
- Appetite disappears, thirst is very strong;
- Frequent urination due to severe thirst;
- May experience disorders of the digestive system;
- The animal becomes lethargic, breathing heavily, stops responding on the host, moves with difficulty, almost always lies.
Unfortunately, there are times when an animal dies even before any signs. This is because the amount of pus accumulating in the uterus, can reach a liter just a few days. As a result, the uterine wall is strongly stretched, but can not withstand the pressure and burst. The pus gets straight into the abdominal cavity, and provokes death.
Not exclude the opposite case, when the symptoms are so weak that the owner does not notice for a long time.
However, in the future the condition of the pet deteriorates, and she literally fades away. In severe cases, hysterectomy is the only option to save the life of the animal.
For pet need to be monitored closely. The vet will need to provide all information to recreate the full clinical picture of the disease. For example, you need to pay attention when I changed the behavior of the animal, when was the last heat cycle, how has your drinking regime and urination, whether there is discharge from the vagina, what are they, what is the appetite of the cat, with the help of some hormonal drugs controlled heat, etc.
After that, the doctor examines the animal, measures the temperature, carries out palpation, makes a vaginal exam to check for tumors or other pathologies. You may need to do a blood test to detect the abnormal protein cells that indicate the presence of infection or disorders of the kidneys, which arise as a secondary diseases in pyometra.
Also need urine tests to check function of the urinary tract and to determine the presence of infection. The data obtained may be cause for the immediate removal of the uterus and appendages.
Radiograph of the abdomen will determine the fullness of the uterus, which confirms the diagnosis. Ultrasound may be necessary to determine the presence of fluid in the uterus and the exclusion of early pregnancy.
Surgical removal of the purulent pyometra in cats
Most doctors agree that the ideal therapy is an ovariohysterectomy, or in other words, sterilization. If the owner agrees, is to stabilize the condition of the animal via an intravenous infusion and antibiotics.
Such measures are necessary due to septic shock or renal failure. After surgery you need to follow the appetite of the pet, its behavior, the amount of fluids you drink and urination.
You also need to monitor the condition of the incision.
- Emergency stabilization. Intravenous fluids and antibiotics to prevent dehydration and shock if necessary;
- Operation. The animal is introduced anesthesia, and remove the uterus and ovaries. The procedure is performed for medical purposes, and completely predeterminedamount;
- Removal of the ovaries is the best treatment. The animal becomes sterile, but the vast majority of cases, the surgery, saves his life;
- The dosage of the medications prescribed by your doctor must not be exceeded or fall. If there is any problem, you need to immediately contact the physician who had been treating the cat;
In the early stages of development of the disease possible treatment of hormonal drugs based on oxytocin, androgens, estrogens, and quinine. The dosage of oxytocin and other hormones the cat in pyometra depends on the stage of the disease and clinical manifestations, as well as the age and condition of the animal. In the later stages conservative treatment rarely brings results.
If the owner is not interested in getting offspring, then medication is unnecessary risk to the life of the animal. Furthermore, hormones do not rule out the recurrence of the disease, in contrast to surgical treatment. Conservative therapy has side effects, so not recommended for elderly animals, seriously ill and in the closed type of pyometra.
Cat after surgery to remove pyometra
Pet needs both home and professional care. After surgery you need to make an effort to avoid complications and the cat is on the mend.
You need to follow the appetite of the pet, its activity and behavior in General. It is very important during the rehabilitation period, as it will help the vet in the future.
It should be noted that the more the owner is familiar with what is normal for his pet, the easier it is to notice the changes. Definitely increases the chances of favorable comes, if the time to notice the changes and contact your veterinarian.
If the pet owner does not plan to breed, it is strongly recommended that you sterilize the cat to prevent the development of many serious pathologies, including pyometra.
Take care of your pet and do not self-medicate!