Vaccinations to kids under the age of 2 years
The formation of the immune system of the child is considered to be one of the most important stages of formation of the growing organism. Vaccinations in this process is played, perhaps one of the most important roles, so the question of vaccination needs to be taken seriously and strictly adhere to the established rules.
What shots I need to take the child up to 2 years and the need to pay special attention, we will tell in our article.
What is vaccination
Vaccination is the act of putting the body of a small amount of antigenic material required to develop immunity to the disease, which will not be infected in the future or reduce harmful effects to a minimum.
Usually, the body develops immunity after the transfer of the first disease. But modern medicine has learned not to lead to a severe course of the disease. In order to develop immunity, today enough vaccine that mimics the disease-causing virus or bacteria and the body, in turn, immediately begins to work on the production of antibodies.
So the person has a reliable circle of protection to prevent severe disease, even those that are not amenable to treatment (hepatitis C). Here is the answer to the question, do you need vaccinations to young children.
Immunization schedule for children up to 2 years
The Ministry of Health approved the vaccination table and a clear vaccination schedule to be followed for the successful development of immunity to disease.
Table of required vaccinations for children includes:
- Vaccination against hepatitis b, which is done within the first 12 hours of life baby. Done intramuscularly in the thigh area;
- BCG vaccination against tuberculosis is done in between 3 and 7 days of life;
- The next step is to revaccination against hepatitis b, which is at the age of 1 month;
- In 2 months you need to repeat enter the vaccine against hepatitis b;
- When the baby turns 3 months, it's time comprehensive vaccination which includes the vaccine against whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus, as well as the first phase of vaccination against polio and Haemophilus influenzae;
- At the age of 4.5 months the second stage of tetanus, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Haemophilus influenzae, and polio;
- Children six months of age expect the third phase of vaccination against hepatitis b, as well as the repetition of vaccination, which was done at the age of 4.5 months.
- After a six-month break, at the age of 12 months there comes another stage of revaccination against hepatitis b, as well as children are vaccinated against measles, rubella and mumps (mumps). Moreover, vaccination against measles is very important;
- Vaccinations for children after a year repeat the previous. At 1.5 years of repeated vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough, and the vaccine against polio and Haemophilus influenzae;
- Ends a phase of vaccination of young children to achieve 20 months of age. At this time you need to make a second revaccination against polio;
- And in 24 months you can vaccinate a child from chicken pox.
It is worth noting that for girls vaccination against rubella is very important because it is directly related to the possibility of miscarriage or the birth of a child with severe defects. For boys the same priority vaccination against mumps that affect the reproductive system and may cause infertility in men.
Preparation for vaccination
Before going in the vaccination study, you must pass a preparatory stage. You need to remember the condition in which vaccination is considered possible — the child needs to be healthy and not be in a state of exacerbation of chronic diseases.
The first step is to show the baby pediatrician to have it examined. If evidence is revealed that an aspiring SARS or flu should postpone the vaccination until recovery. And the question is not that the vaccine will be done with a weakened immune system and may cause serious consequences.
The main reason is that the immunization in this case will not bring the expected results, and the immune system are not developed well enough.
If the kid suffers from allergic dermatitis, your doctor may recommend a take antihistamines, which are necessary to prevent possible allergic reactions.
You should also consider and the time, if your house is someone is sick with a cold or flu. As the presence of infection may be detrimental to the health of your child. After vaccination, the immunity is weakened and especially susceptible to various infections.
It should be noted and the question of power before vaccination. For 3-4 days prior to vaccination it is better to refrain from innovations in the diet and to stick to the usual menu. Also do not feed the child one hour before the vaccination and not to limit fluid intake.
In addition, the need to protect the baby from contact with outsiders and not to drive in places with large concentrations of people in order to avoid catching infections.
Also in the list of contraindications to vaccination include:
- Acute allergic reactions;
- The state of immunodeficiency of the organism;
- Infectious diseases;
- Acute diathesis.
Observation after vaccination
An equally important step is the period of time after vaccination. Do not be scared if the baby will experience General malaise, wants to sleep or is complaining of a slight fever. This is a common symptoms that indicate that the body develops immunity to the disease. But we must also not neglect to such as.
After vaccination it can take 30 minutes to sit in the hospital to observe the reaction to the vaccine and to avoid the possible consequences. Later you need to carefully monitor change in the state of crumbs. Fever in a child after vaccination, as a rule, increases. A small increase in body temperature is acceptable.
In this case we can restrict the syrup of paracetamol that can be given to babies from 3 months. And remember that in any case children under 5 years should not be given aspirin! But the high temperature and General weakness of the child – this is the reason for visiting the doctor.
To include new products in children's diet can be no earlier than three days after vaccination. Also on the day of vaccination, you cannot walk on the street, but also to bathe the baby. If the injection site appears a seal or inflammation, you need to make water hot compress.
When vaccination of children is "live vaccine", the adverse reactions can be expected in the period 5 to 12 days from the day of vaccination.
When inoculated with DTP vaccine may experience febrile seizures, which are temporary and can occur within two weeks. So afraid they should not, but to keep monitoring is necessary.
Vaccinations for babies: for and against
Of course, the health of little children is a priority for parents and many are worried about whether to vaccinate only born baby. The opinion of doctors on this point clear – vaccination is worth it, because most diseases schedule of vaccination belong to the category of very heavy.
Not vaccinated the baby is in more danger because a tiny body could not cope with the severe course of the disease. In a special risk group just include babies under 1 year, when the growing organism is only beginning to develop and flourish. Some experts recommend special attention to vaccinate children up to 3 years.
Thus, strange at first glance, the issues of vaccination upon closer examination are relatively straightforward. It all depends on parental responsibility and care to changes in the health of the baby.
Do not forget that, first of all you, not doctors, are responsible for the health of your child, so treat this issue very seriously. Health to you and your children!