What does black discharge indicate?

Monthly menstruation normally consists of vaginal secretions, cervical mucus and its rejected endometrium. They are characterized by a bloody color and stand out in about 50 ml. A violation of the color and other characteristics of the discharge indicates a violation in the body.

Content of the article
  • Hormonal imbalance, taking oral contraceptives
  • Menstruation black with clots in the absence of sexual intercourse
  • Women's health after surgery, childbirth and lactation
  • Black selections before and after the next period
  • Why does your period turn black?

    There are many factors that can lead to this phenomenon:

    What does black discharge indicate?
    • Age;
    • Having sex;
    • Surgery, pregnancy, postpartum period, lactation;
    • External reasons - change in lifestyle, climate change, diet, diet, sudden weight loss, taking medications drugs, trauma, excessive physical exertion, poisoning, exposure to harmful chemicals, severe emotional shock;
    • Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs;
    • Other pathologies caused by metabolic disorders.

    Causes of black menstruation depending on age

    When the cycle is just being established, that is, puberty occurs, the discharge may differ in color, be it dark brown, blackish. For girls, this is quite normal in the first year of the formation of the cycle.

    What does black discharge indicate?

    If a dark color is observed every time, then you need to contact a gynecologist for examination. It should be noted that they are not a pathology during menopause in women after 40 years. Dark brown is allowed. The nature of these secretions is associated with a decrease in the production of hormones and the extinction of ovarian function.

    Cases of early onset of menopause are increasingly diagnosed, therefore, when black discharge appears instead of standard bloody, you need to consult a doctor to confirm or refute early ovarian depletion.

    Black highlightingveta against the background of pregnancy

    If a woman is trying to conceive a child, menstruation is delayed, then a meager secret is released, and after a few days menstruation begins, hormonal disorders can be suspected. If there was only meager discharge, you need to do a pregnancy test and take an analysis for the hCG level, since this insignificant secret may indicate implantation of the embryo to the uterine wall, that is, about a successful conception.

    What does black discharge indicate?

    Scanty discharge during pregnancy in the first weeks indicates a pathology - a lack of hormones necessary for bearing a child. The day when menstruation should begin according to the calendar is the most dangerous for the fetus, as the risk of miscarriage increases. On these days, the level of progesterone decreases and the likelihood of endometrial detachment is high (which occurs during normal menstruation). Ectopic pregnancy is also among the causes of black discharge.

    Black menses: inflammation and infections

    Various negative factors, such as hypothermia, lead to scanty dark menstruation , violation of the cycle, unpleasant sensations. It can be inflammation of the uterus, its appendages, cervix. Discharge can also be triggered by sexually transmitted infections.

    In this case, there are other symptoms of the disease: pain during urination, in the lower abdomen, burning and itching in the vagina, in the external genital area, discomfort during intercourse act. For example, it can be chlamydia, syphilis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, etc.

    Hormonal imbalance, taking oral contraceptives

    What does black discharge indicate?

    The use of the above contraception can lead to decreased ovarian function and endometrial atrophy. Instead of normal menstruation, scanty dark discharge may be observed with improperly selected contraceptives or if there are contraindications to their use.

    If this phenomenon has been observed for more than the first cycle, it is necessary to replace oral contraceptives with others or refuse to use them altogether. Hormonal disorders affect the nature of menstruation. For example, a violation occurs with an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone, prolactin with prolonged deficiency of thyroid hormones, diabetes mellitus.

    Menstruation black with clots in the absence of sexual intercourse

    < p> In the absence of sexual activity, pregnancy and genital infections are excluded. But hormonal imbalance, endometriosis, endometritis, cysts, inflammatory diseases of the appendages, overwork, stress, intense physical activity can disrupt menstrual function. These factors do not depend on your sexuality.

    Why menstruation is broken: common reasons:

    What does black discharge indicate?
    • Pathology of the endocrine system, metabolic disorders;
    • Sharp fluctuations in weight, for example, loss of fat mass with a rigid diet, intense fphysical stress, or, conversely, obesity;
    • Hypovitaminosis, anemia, malnutrition;
    • Severe and long-term infectious diseases, serious injuries;
    • Emotional stress, regular stress, mental changes, nervous diseases;
    • Follicular ovarian cyst, corpus luteum cyst, etc.;
    • Surgical interventions on the organs of the genitourinary system, for example, cesarean section, removal of the uterus, abortion , anomalies in the development of organs;
    • Exposure to harmful substances (eg occupational intoxication);
    • Treatment of cancer pathologies - radiation, chemotherapy.

    Women's health after surgery, childbirth and lactation

    The appearance of black discharge can be triggered by medical abortion, removal of fibroids, polyps, part of the uterus, ovarian cyst laparoscopy, surgery after ectopic pregnancy, diagnostic scraping. If there is discharge with clots, is accompanied by a rise in temperature and lasts more than 10 days, has an unpleasant odor, you need to undergo an examination, as these symptoms indicate the presence of complications.

    What does black discharge indicate?
    < p> The recovery of the cycle after childbirth, during breastfeeding, is rather slow. A few months after the birth of the baby, as well as after the cessation of lactation, dark brown and even blackish discharge may appear instead of the standard red.

    They are a variant of the norm and do not pose a danger. If this condition does not go away on its own, you need to consult a specialist.

    Black discharge before and after the next menstruation

    Dark secret on the eve of menstruation and on the first day these are most often absolutely normal. Menstruation occurs as a result of the death of the egg. The latter is excreted from the body along with the dead layer of the endometrium. This process should not happen abruptly. Therefore, it is quite natural that at the beginning there are separate dark smears.

    However, in the case when black periods appear not only on the first day, last longer than a day, you need to contact the antenatal clinic.

    The main causes of dark discharge before menstruation are:

    What does black discharge indicate?

    Slight discharge after menstruation is considered normal if its duration does not exceed 3 days. They testify to the natural process of cleansing the uterus. Otherwise, uterine fibroids or endometriosis may occur.

    ThTo establish the causes of the pathological color of menstruation, they resort to several diagnostic procedures: study of the anamnesis; examination with mirrors, colposcopy, biopsy; Ultrasound of the pelvic organs; a general blood test, a study of hormonal levels, a smear from the vagina; if necessary, diagnostic curettage and histological examination of the resulting endometrium.