What to do in case of alcohol poisoning

Sometimes it happens that you or someone you know allows yourself to drink a little more than you need to. And it also happens that you come across alcohol of dubious quality. As a result, alcohol poisoning occurs. And if you think that this will not happen to you - do not deceive yourself, everyone can experience such a state.

Content of the article

causes and types of poisoning

Alcohol poisoning can occur for 2 reasons:

  • If you have taken too much of a drink and the body is unable to process it on its own;
  • Intoxication of the body occurred due to the use of low-quality products.

Content in the blood of an adult up to 0.4 ppm of alcohol does not cause a pronounced toxic reaction, but exceeding this indicator is already considered intoxication. it is impossible to understand how many ppm is in the body.

Therefore, the degree is determined based on the symptoms of alcohol poisoning, namely:

  • Mild degree. Most often this condition goes away without complications, and as an inconvenience for the " victim " it is expressed by frequent urge to urinate. Others note skin redness, incoherent speech, increased sweating and dilated pupils;
  • Moderate. Expressed by disturbance of balance and vision - diplopia (double vision), there is a feeling of nausea, there may be vomiting. There is marked drowsiness or agitation, but after sleep he may feel weak feeling thirsty, sometimes appear repeated vomiting. The onset of involuntary vomiting during sleep is possible, which is dangerous with respiratory failure when vomit enters the respiratory tract;
  • Severe degree. It is characterized by frequent loss of consciousness, impaired breathing and cardiac activity, drooling, convulsions.

Treatment of alcohol poisoning at this stage is carried out only in a hospital environment.

How alcohol workspoisoning?

Liver processes alcohol-containing drinks. This produces an insoluble compound - acetaldehyde - which is the main poison for the brain. This is because of him a hangover syndrome occurs.

Symptoms of intoxication develop along the following chain:

  • Vomiting and nausea are caused by ethanol itself, the body tries to get rid of it in any way;
  • But its decay products have already entered the bloodstream and act on the cerebellum, causing dizziness ;
  • The vessels dilate, the pressure first drops sharply, and then rises - a headache appears;
  • With dizziness, there is a lack of coordination, and, accordingly, balance;
  • The reproduction of antidiuretic hormone decreases, the amount of naturally excreted fluid - urine increases, which provokes dehydration of the body and is expressed in increased thirst.

The critical amount of alcohol depends on the following factors:

  • the person's age;
  • individually the perception of ethanol - the production of enzymes that break it down;
  • climatic factors;
  • the general and momentary state of the body - exhaustion, the level of immunity, the presence of chronic diseases.
What to do in case of alcohol poisoning

The combination of some of the above factors leads to the fact that the body is the same the same dose of alcohol is perceived differently.

In some cases, alcohol poisoning cannot be stopped on your own.

In such cases, you need to call " ambulance "And help a person to stay awake until the arrival of doctors, using rubbing his temples with ammonia.

What can I do it myself?

First aid for alcohol poisoning, if a person feels bad, but he is conscious and reacts to speech:

  • It is necessary to clear the stomach by causing vomiting. There are many ways - from 2 fingers on the root of the tongue to pouring into it a large amount of cold liquid: a weak solution of baking soda, potassium permanganate.
  • Next, the stomach is washed with clean water. These procedures are carried out until the vomit becomes transparent.
  • Next comes the turn of enterosorbents. They can be:
    • activated carbon - 1 tablet per 3-5 kg ​​of weight;
    • white charcoal - 3 tablets per adult man's body;
    • enterogel;
    • atoxil.
< p> If the victim feels better, the doctor can not be called.

To maintain the water-salt balance, you need to give the victim sweet tea, coffee - of course after the gag reflex disappeared.

In severe intoxication, the following are observed:

What to do in case of severe alcohol poisoning?

Clear the upper respiratory tract, remove already accumulated mucus and, perhaps, vomit from them, fix the tongue so that it does not sink, stimulate the respiratory and vascular centers with ammonia. And be sure to seek qualified medical help.

Specialized care

Medical first aid for alcohol poisoning: oral administration of a mixture of drugs: corazole, nicotinic acid, phenamine, diluted in warm water.

< p> If the victim cannot drink the drugs on his own, then plasmapheresis is performed using a dropper, during which the blood is cleared of alcohol decomposition products. < p> Anti-alcohol therapy:

Measures that can worsen the condition

What should not be done in acute form so as not to harm the victim?

What to do in case of alcohol poisoning

A repeated dose of alcohol will help in case of poisoning with a surrogate: ethylene glycol or ethyl You just need to make sure that the alcohol introduced into the body for medicinal purposes is of high quality.

Toxic products from the decomposition of the surrogate are replaced with alcohols, the surrogate is removed, and detoxification is then carried out in the usual way.

And remember: the only prevention of alcohol poisoning is avoiding alcohol.